Sex Education

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Mary Huang Soo Lee

UNESCO PROAP Regional Clearing House on Population Education and Communication Bangkok, Thailand, 1999

United Nations Population Fund

Lee, Mary Huang Soo. Case study, Malaysia: communication and advocacy strategies adolescent reproductive and sexual health. Bangkok: UNESCO PROAP, 1999. 27 p. (Communication and advocacy strategies: adolescent reproductive and sexual health; series two)

1. YOUTH. 2. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH. 3. SEXUAL HEALTH. 4. IEC. 5. COMMUNICATION POLICY. 6. COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES. 7. COMMUNICATION PLANNING. 8. CASE STUDIES. 9. MALAYSIA. I. Title. II. Series.

613.951

 UNESCO 1999
Published by the UNESCO Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific P.O. Box 967, Prakanong Post Office Bangkok 10110, Thailand Printed in Thailand under UNFPA Project RAS/96/P02 The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries.

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CONTENTS

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PREFACE ......................................................................

i


DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENTS 1 Population composition of adolescents ............................ Age at marriage ............................................................ Fertility, teen pregnancy and abortion ............................. STDs/HIV/AIDS ............................................................. Practice of contraception and family planning ................. Knowledge, attitude and behaviour on sexuality and reproductive health .......................................................



1 1 2 3 4 4


PROGRAMME RESPONSES TO ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROBLEMS 6 Government programmes ............................................... NGO programmes .........................................................



6 9


ADVOCACY AND IEC STRATEGIES USED TO PROMOTE ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE AND SEXUAL HEALTH MESSAGES 1 1 Advocacy strategies ....................................................... Information, Education and Communication (IEC) strategies



11 1 2


LESSONS LEARNED 1 6 Success/failure factors for advocacy strategies .................. Success/failure factors for IEC strategies ........................... Overall listing of lessons learned ....................................



16 17 18

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CONTENTS

(continued)

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GUIDELINES FOR FORMULATING AND IMPLEMENTING ADVOCACY AND IEC PROGRAMMES ON ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE AND SEXUAL HEALTH 2 1 Guidelines for advocacy programmes .............................. Guidelines for IEC programmes ...................................... REFERENCES .................................................................





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Appendix

Directory of Organisations ........................

PREFACE

BACKGROUND
Although adolescent reproductive and sexual health education is a new programme area when taken under the context of the ICPD POA framework, not a few efforts had been ventured though by a number of forward-looking countries in the region to implement educational, advocacy and communication activities in the areas of human sexuality, HIV/AIDS, and family life/population education, and of course more recently, adolescent reproductive health. Without doubt, these programmes and activities are characterized by weaknesses and gaps as planners and implementors are usually held back from trying out innovative approaches by opposition and objections from concerned quarters. However, there is also not a dearth of successful innovative strategies and approaches which can documented and shared for others to learn from and even replicate. Sexuality and reproductive health education is an area that generate misconceptions, confusion, fear...
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