Sex Differentiation and Sexism in English Language

Topics: Gender, Woman, Female Pages: 2 (413 words) Published: March 18, 2011
Sex Differentiation and Sexism in English Language
? ????????????
?????????????????sexism????Webster Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary??????prejudice or discrimination based on sex ; esp: discrimination against women , ?????????????????????«??????» ?“????”?????“??????????????????????”«????» ?“????”???????“???????(?????).”??????????“????”?????????????????????????????? ?)????????

    1?He/man??
    ???, he, man, his, him, mankind????????,????????, he????‘?’????‘?’, man????????:     (1)If a person breaks the law, he will be punished.
    (2)Man is created equal.
    (3)Everyone should do his duty.
    2??man????????
    ??????????????man????,????????????????: Chairman, Postman, Policeman, Statesman, businessman, milkman, Salesman, fireman,countryman, Englishman, Frenchman, congressman.     3?????????
    (1)?????????????????????:
    hero——heroine?steward——stewardess
    (2)??????
    ???????(gender)??????????judge,doctor, lawyer, p rofessor, engineer???????,?????,??????????????,??????????????, ?????woman, lady, female ???: female judge, woman lawyer, lady doctor??      1??????????????,?????????,????????,????????,???????,???????,???????????:       ?????????  ?????

      Bachel      or????spinster
  (???)????? (?????,????)???
      mister???????  mistress
    ?????????(?????)?????
    2?????,????????????????:
      ???????????????
?? aggressive
   ????,?????????????,?????
??  imposing
  ????,?????????????????
??   tramp
      ???????????? ??(?)????????
    ?????????????????????????????????(male-centered)???,????????????????????,????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????????????     1????????????
    Women have long hair and short brains. (????????)
    2??????????????
    Women are the devil’s nets. (???????)
    3?????????????????
    A woman’swork is never done. (???????????)
    4??????????
    A woman, a dog and a walnut tree, the more you beat them,the better they will be....
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