K.U. OMOYIBO (PH.D); O.L. ODEH AND M. NDISIKA.
SHORT BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES ON AUTHORS:
Dr. K. U. Omoyibo is a Senior Lecturer, in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Benin, P.M.B.1154, Benin city, Edo state, Nigeria. Mr. Odeh, L. O. is a Postgraduate student in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration of the University of Benin. While Mr. Ndisika is a Graduate assistant and Postgraduate student in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Benin, Benin city, Nigeria.
Email Address: Komoyibo@yahoo.com
Phone Number: +2348033542467.
Nigerian Government has since 1962 till date formulated various developmental plans and policies, most of which have no positive impact on human resource management and not people oriented. This paper reflects that the seven-point agenda of the Federal Government was well intended and articulated, but has not achieved its intended goals and purposes. However, the paper recommends that the seven-point agenda, though well intended is too bogus and unrealistic, therefore, it should be trimmed down to three-point agenda. The paper also recommends that corruption should be tackled head-on, as well as the institutional and behavioral reformation of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and other key public institutions.
Corruption, Development, Infrastructures, Poverty, Wealth Creation, and Democratic Dividend.
Nigeria according to the African Network for Environment and Economic Justice (ANEEJ, 2003:5), is a federation with huge population and a large land area, strategically located along the West Africa Coast. It added that, the country is bounded in the North by Niger Republic, Lake Chad in the extreme North East, Cameroon in the East, Republic of Benin in the West and the Atlantic Ocean in the South. It further observed that, Nigeria has a land area of 923,768 square kilometers and an estimated population of over 121 million as at the year 2000, with annual growth rate of 2.83 percent (ANEEJ, 2003:5). The body further stated that there are over 250 ethnic groups in the country and that the country has three tiers of government (Federal, State, Local), as well as a six zonal structure; North-West, North-East, North-Central, South-East, South-West and South-South. It noted also that the nation is rich in human and natural resources, which placed the country as one of the potentially great nations of the world. In a similar development, Arizona-Ogwu (2008:1), posit that, Nigeria is nearly one quarter of the population of sub-Saharan African and that one in every 6 black people in the world is a Nigerian. He further observes that the topography of Nigeria ranges, from mangrove swamp, along the coast, to tropical rain forest and savannah to the North. The Sahara desert he notes, encroaches to the north while gully erosion threatens parts of the South and that, agriculture is the dominant economic activity and roughly 75% of the land is arable of which about 40% is cultivated.
Arizona-Ogwu argued further that, Nigeria has estimated proven oil reserves of 32 billion barrels, and that, she is the 6th largest producer in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). He added further that, at the current rate of production, these reserves can last about 35 years. Also, in addition to oil, Nigeria has substantial reserves of natural gas and abundant solid mineral deposits, including coal, tin, kaolin, gypsum, columbine, gold, barites, marble, tantalite, salt and sulphur. In the same vein, he stressed that the capacity utilization in industry is about 50%, and that available data from the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) indicates that poverty incidence in Nigeria in 1960 was about 15% which has increased to 28% in 1980 and 46% in 1985. In...