Seven Organizational Approaches

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The seven organizational approaches used for studying the human body are; body planes and directions, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic and macroscopic, body systems and medical specialties. The first of the seven approaches is known as body planes and directions. A plane is what divides the body into three main sections. These three sections are known as the frontal, sagittal, and transverse planes. These three planes together will separate the body into the front, back, left, right, top, and bottom. This also helps when examining the body to know what section of the body you are looking at. It also helps with the communicating of where the problem is for the patient. The frontal plane divides the body into the front and back. The sagittal lane divides the body into the right and left sections. The transverse plane divides the body into the top and bottom sections. The second of the seven approaches is known as body cavities. There are five different body cavities. Cavities are defined as hollow spaces surrounded by bones and tissues which are there to protect the internal organs of the body. The five body cavities consist of the cranial, spinal, thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities. The cranial cavity is surrounded by bones and other things in order to protect the brain and other structures. The spinal cavity is also surrounded by bones to help protect the spine and spinal nerves. The thoracic cavity is surrounded as well in order to protect the lungs. The abdominal cavity is the cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and the spine. The pelvic cavity is the cavity bounded by the bones of the pelvis, and which contains the internal reproductive organs, the urinary bladder, and the rectum. The fourth approach is the quadrants and regions. There are four quadrants called the right upper, the left upper , right lower and the left lower quadrants they are used to describe the location of the...
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