Seven Cities of Cibola, a Discovery by the African Slave Estevanico

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U.S. History

African Americans have contributed into American history such that they contributed from arts and culture to technological developments, influencing American success. However, around the 1530’s, an African slave named “Estevanico” was brought into the Americas by the Portuguese. Estevanico assisted Spanish conquers in their expeditions of the new territory (western United States) for the purpose of Christianity expansion and gold extraction, which they referred as gold, glory, and god. One of the greatest odysseys (an excursion) in American history started in a little town of Azamor on Morocco’s west coast at the beginning of the sixteenth century (1500’s). Estevanico born in Morocco, located in the northwest of Africa, was the first person born in Africa to have arrived in the present-day United States. He was sold as a slave to a Spanish nobleman named “Andres Dorantes de Carranza”. In addition, Estevanico received his name when he was baptized in the Catholic Church by his owner; however, Estevanico is known by many names such as Estevan, Esteban, Estebanico, Black Stephen and Stephen the Moor. Estevanico accompanied his master as a member of the Narvaez Expedition that includes Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, Which landed in mid-April in 1528 near what is now called Tampa Bay. After an exhausted attempt near the modern city of Tallahassee, Narvaez decided to construct five boats in order to navigate along the coastline to a Spanish base in Mexico. In addition, they embark on September 22, 1528 with Estevanico in the third boat, commanded by Dorantes. However, In November they were hit by storms and Dorantes’ boat along with the one commanded by Cabeza de Vaca were wrecked on Galveston Island off the coast of Texas. Within the spring of 152, only fifteen men were still alive. Thirteen of them, including Estevanico and leaving Cabeza de Vaca behind, departed from Galveston to try to get to Mexico overland, which they headed to west...
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