A serious case review is undertaken when a child dies and neglect or abuse is suspected as the reason for the death, these deaths could include if a child commits suicide. A serious case review can also be formatted if the child is suspected to be neglected or abused if they have sustained a serious, life-threatening injury or illness or they have had a permanent health or development issue due to neglect or abuse. It will be considered if a family member has died due to abuse or neglect. The LSCB (Local Safeguarding Children Board), in the area in which the child lives or if passed away the area in which they formally lived, will be informed and to create a serious case study including all the relevant information, including the injuries sustained, cause of death of applicable, etc. In a serious case study, factors are included such as a review of the correct and recent policies, the findings from the case,
These case reviews are created as a basis of learning how to avoid future cases from happening, a way of knowing what to expect in the next case to prevent these events from happening to anyone else. In is to give guidance to professionals and services working with children on how to care for them, and how they work together to safeguard children. After a serious case review is made and sent to the government, practice and everyone that is relevant to reading it.