Topics: Poetry, Sonnet, Poetic form Pages: 2 (494 words) Published: February 8, 2013
William Wordsworth
* born on April 07,1770 in Cumberland, England

* well-versed in Shakespeare, Milton, and Spenser.

* in 1787, William attended St. John's College, Cambridge, were he excelled.

* between 1802 and 1807, Wordsworth publishes several sonnets, including "Prefatory Sonnet, "Composed Upon Westminster Bridge," "The world is too much with us," "It is a beauteous Evening," "I griev'd for Buonaparte," and "London." In 1807, Wordsworth published the "Ode," which is now referred to as "Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood."

* In 1843, he was appointed Poet Laureate.

As poem, in history are recited by the poets, rhyme is very important. The audience can easily identify a poem through the music in the rhyme it makes. A sonnet is a 14-line, usually a love poem, written in iambic pentameter. There are two common types of sonnet, the Shakespearean sonnet and the Petrarchan sonnet. The former is made popular by William Shakespeare around the 16th century. It takes the form of involving 3 quatrains, ending in a couplet. On the other hand, the Petrarchan sonnet (as “Nuns fret not”), takes a different form. As first developed by Petrarch, it is composed of an octave and a sestet. The purpose of the octave is so it introduces the theme or problem using a rhyme scheme of abbaabba and the sestet provides the resolution of that, having a rhyme scheme of cdecde or ccdccd.

Prefatory Sonnet

Nuns fret not at their convent's narrow room;a
And hermits are contented with their cells;b
And students with their pensive citadels;b
Maids at the wheel, the weaver at his loom,a
Sit blithe and happy; bees that soar for bloom,a
High as the highest peak of Furness fells,b
Will murmur by the hour in foxglove bells:b
In truth, the prison, into which we dooma
Ourselves, no prison is: and hence for me,c
In sundry moods, 'twas pastime to be boundd...
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