September 11 2001

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On September 11, 2001, Islamic terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners and used them as bombs to attack the World Trade Centers in New York City, the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the fourth plane, meant to be used against the White House, crashed in Pennsylvania. Much of this destruction was witnessed live on television throughout the United States and around the world. Many Americans were forced to face for the first time in their lives, feelings of insecurity and of being vulnerable to attack in their own country. While all Americans were influenced in some way by the terror of 9/11, the people of New York were more affected. None were more deeply impacted by the events of 9/11 than those who managed to survive the collapse of the World Trade Centers and the families and friends of those who did not. These individuals not only had to deal with the terrorism they had just witnessed in a very personal way, they faced many other emotions and issues as well. This attack has not only hurt the people but also the economy. In the five years since the attacks of September 11, 2001 the estimated cost of attacks to US based solely on property losses and insurance costs was $21billion with a further estimated $430 billion on what President George W. Bush calls the global war on terrorism. The United States also loss the most famous building in the World, The New York City Twin Towers-World Trade Center which was about 110 stories tall. The attack happened at 8:30 am were about 19 terrorist from the Taliban an al-Qaeda Islamic group, hijacked two American Airlines Boeing 767 flights 11 and flight 175 and crashed them into the Twin Towers in New York City. In Washington, at about 9:45am, hijackers crashed a Boeing 757 Jet into the Pentagon in Arlington Virginia killing about 125 military personnel and civilians. At about 10:10 AM hijackers tried to hijack United Airlines flight 93 leaving the Newark International Airport bound to California, but unsuccessful because the passengers fought the hijacker’s, and the plane crashed in a filed in Pennsylvania killing everyone on board. About 3000 people were killed that day. The attack was compared with an earlier one in 1941(Pearl Harbor). Both Pearl Harbor and the September 11 attacks resulted in a large loss of human life. The attack on Pearl Harbor killed 2,388 people. The September 11 carnage was even larger, although an exact number was difficult to understand at first. In the initial weeks following September 11, the rough media consensus for the total number of fatalities at the WTC, the Pentagon, and in Pennsylvania was six or seven thousand (numbers cited by some of the articles in this volume). In the days following September 11, 2001, some answers to these questions were found. Investigators from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other law enforcement agencies identified the nineteen air passengers that they believed were responsible for the attacks. The presumed terrorists were all men from Middle Eastern countries, including Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Suspicion quickly zeroed in on an organization called al-Qaida (the base), a terrorist network led by Osama bin Laden, and a Saudi Arabian exile who had taken up residence in Afghanistan. America’s war against Japan in 1941 resulted in victory in 1945. America’s war against terrorism was unfinished. On October 7, 2001, after marshaling activity support worldwide, the United States began a bombing campaign in Afghanistan. By the end of 2001, Afghan rebels, assisted by U.S. bombing and special forces, had slowly toppled the Taliban regime, and numerous al-Qaida officials were either killed or captured (Osama bin Laden himself, however, remained at large). Both the Pearl Harbor and September 11 attacks resulted in a rise of patriotism. Following September 11, Americans purchased and proudly displayed the national flag. Hundreds of millions of dollars of charitable contributions flowed to organizations...
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