American National Government - 3
Instructor: Urban Cleaves
January 24, 2011
In this essay, I will explain a brief statement about the history of our government, parts of the Constitution, separation of powers, and the checks and balances of separation of powers. By the end of this essay, you will understand the meaning of the words Constitution, Separation of powers, and checks and balances. Our government has a tremendous amount of power and it was necessary to separate the powers to ensure that the power our government has is equally divided.
In Ancient Rome, the Romans had senators and an emperor. They were founded as a republic ran by the people then turned into an empire. In Europe, on the other hand, no one succeeded in reviving the Roman Empire. “This empire was split into two parts when Constantine I established a second capital at Constantinople to govern Rome’s eastern territories while the city of Rome remained the capital of territories in the west. Separate lineages of emperors ruled in each place(http://www.worldhistorysite.com/r&fCivI.html).
Prior to the American Revolution, each of the thirteen original colonies operated as a separate sovereignty under the rule of England. In September 1774, representatives of the colonies met as a Continental Congress. In 1776, the colonies declared their independence from England, and the American Revolution ensued.
The Constitutional Convention was convened in Philadelphia in May 1787, with the primary purpose of strengthening the federal government (Magleby, 2009). After substantial debate, the delegates agreed to a new U.S. Constitution, reported to Congress in September 1787. State ratification of the Constitution was completed in 1788. Since that time, many amendments, including the Bill of Rights, have been added to the Constitution. The Constitution itself provides that it may be amended to address... [continues]
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