Separation of Powers

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Separation of powers is where a government is divided up into three different categories or branches, each branch has its own responsibilities and powers, no one branch is more powerful than the other, and these branches are the Legislature, Executive and the judiciary. Separation of powers is not when one, has all these branches merged or overlapping each other. An example of a country with separation of powers would be, the USA whereas, an example of a country without separation of powers would be, of the UK. Within the UK political system the Legislature would be Parliament, the Executive would be those in the cabinet and the Judiciary being the Judges and Courts. In separation of powers each branch has responsibility to keep the other branches in check and if this is not the case or it is not being practiced then according to Montesquieu, it would bring tyranny.

The extract argues that the UK needs separation of powers as it would determine the elimination of one or more bodies from becoming too powerful. This would thus help to prevent or even hinder executive dominance in government matters. By having Separation of powers the UK would less like to have an elective dictatorship. It would prevent people like Margret Thatcher and Tony Blair from becoming too powerful. For example under Blair’s regime the legislature only blocked one legislation in an incredible 10 years; this shows that without the separation powers the UK political system can easily have an executive dominated government. This becomes a possibility for a political party when it has a majority in the House of Commons an example of such a situation would of the Thatcher’s government where the Conservatives had a majority in Parliament.

According to the extract separation of powers would enable to UK government to define and check the powers of the government. By having the separation of powers it would indeed make it much easier to understand the powers of government, also it would make...
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