Sentencing: Prison and Community Corrections Goals

Topics: Prison, Criminal justice, Community Pages: 7 (1635 words) Published: February 20, 2014

Chapter Objectives

1.Define intermediate sanctions and describe their purpose. 2.Define net widening.
3.Describe how intensive supervision probation works.
4.Explain what drug courts are.
5.Explain how day fines differ from traditional fines.
6.Describe what a sentence to community service entails.
7.Explain what day reporting centers are.
8.Describe how remote-location monitoring works.
9.Explain what residential community centers are.
10.Identify the major features of boot camps.
11.Distinguish between a policy-centered approach and a program centered approach to planning intermediate sanctions. 12.Define community corrections.
13.Explain what community corrections acts are.

Chapter Outline

Intermediate Sanctions
Most often used for offenders considered nonviolent and low risk •Usually require the offender to lead a productive life in the community •Cost less than prison, but usually are more restrictive than probation

Value of Intermediate Sanctions
Initial goal was to reduce prison populations (has not happened) •They provide a means for offenders who are not dangerous to repay their victims and their communities •Promote rehabilitation
Can do these things at a comparatively low cost

Varieties of Intermediate Sanctions
Intensive supervision probation
Drug court
Community service
Day reporting centers
Remote-location monitoring
Residential community centers
Boot camps

TIP: What are some other ‘strange’ sentences students have heard of? Parents have been sentenced to attend school with their children, one judge had an offender spanked as he had hit his kids, and another judge gave an offender a slap on the wrist as he did not think the offender deserved anything more severe.

Policy-Centered Approach to Developing Intermediate Sanctions •Emphasizes the policy that spells out the sentencing scheme and the place of each sentencing option as much as the sanctions and the programs themselves •Draws together stakeholders from inside and outside the corrections agency that will implement the proposed sanction •The planning group often includes decision makers from all three branches of government and all three subsystems of criminal justice.

Program-Centered Approach to Developing Intermediate Sanctions •The planning for the program is usually undertaken by a single agency, which develops and funds the program •Serious limitations as there is no coordination among the programs of different jurisdictions •These program are seldom evaluated

Community Corrections
A philosophy of correctional treatment that embraces
oThe decentralization of authority from state to local levels oCitizen participation in program planning, design, implementation, and evaluation oRedefinition of the population of offenders for whom incarceration is most appropriate oEmphasis on rehabilitation through community programs

There is a renewed emphasis on community involvement in the criminal justice system. Think about the emphasis on community policing, community-based prosecution, community-based defender services, and community courts.

Community Corrections Acts
Twenty-eight states have passed community corrections acts •State laws that give economic grants to local communities to establish community corrections goals and policies and to develop and operate community corrections programs. •The most common goal is to expand the choices of sanctions.

Chapter Summary

Intermediate sanctions is the term given to the range of new sentencing options developed to fill the gap between traditional probation and traditional jail or prison sentences, better match the severity of punishment to the seriousness of the crime, reduce institutional crowding, and control correctional costs. Punishments typically identified as intermediate sanctions include intensive...
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