Sentence and Independent Clause

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  • Topic: Sentence, Dependent clause, Independent clause
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  • Published : March 24, 2013
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SENTENCES
What is sentences?
Sentence is a large unit of words that is grammatically complete and used to express exclamation, statement ,and questions. A sentence must have a main clause or more than one main clause. There are as many clauses as there are finite verbs in a sentence. (The finite verb is the verb that changes with the person or number of the subject.) ; FORMS OF SENTENCES\

* Simple sentence: A sentence with one independent clause and no dependent clauses.

Example: Ezra enjoyed the evening party.
The boy finished his food quickly.

* Compound Sentence: A sentence with multiple independent clauses but no dependent clauses.

Example: I scared my brother, and he cried instantly.
Born on March 9, 1930 and she is considered leader of the pact.\

* Complex Sentence: A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.

Example: After she finished her lunch, she washed the dishes. Sara practised so hard because her dance recital is nearing.

FUNCTIONS OF SENTENCE
There are four sentence functions in English: declarative, exclamatory, interrogative, and imperative. * Declarative sentences state an idea.

It was stated that Malaysia and Japan are officially in war. The old lady is staring at us.

* Exclamatory sentences often ends with exclamatory mark(!).They also show strong emotions.

This is such a pathetic party!
* Interrogative sentences ask a question.it They end with a question mark(?).

Would you like to have another cup of coffee?
Have you ever thought of my feelings?

* Imperative sentences give orders or directions, and so end with a period or an exclamation mark.

Take the books to Mr Mahendran.
Everyone please keep quiet!

STRUCTURES OF SENTENCE
* Simple sentences

This type of sentences are the easiest of all.

SENTENCE         =           SUBJECT         +           PREDICATE

The subject often occurs at the beginning of the sentence and they indicate the topic of the discussion. Subject of a sentence also consist of noun phrase.

The predicate usually follows the subject and often starts with a verb .A predicate convey thought about the subject.

A subject and predicate, together, form a simple sentence. The term  "simple" refers to the basic structure of a sentence. Simple sentences can be: * short or long,
* can express simple or complex thoughts and may contain complex constructions Examples:
* Marie who suddenly appeared in the middle of the party with a ridiculously looking hat on her head ate the whole turkey on her own. * Marie ate the turkey.

Both of the sentences are simple and they can be reduced with the usage of pronoun.

* Marie ate it

* Compound sentences.

As stated, a compound sentence consist of multiple independent clauses with no dependent clause.

Compound sentences can be structured using three methods;

1. Using a comma and a coordinating conjunction
We can use a comma and a coordinating conjunction to join two or more independent clauses into a compound sentence. The comma comes before the conjunction. Examples of conjunctions; for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so

Independent clauses + coordinating conjunctions + Independent clauses

Ezra used to love singing, but he lost his voice.
He was starving ,so I cooked him a quick meal

2. Using a semicolon.
A semicolon, like a period, creates a stop between two independent clauses.

Independent clauses + semicolon + Independent clauses

I cleared the room; Ezra painted it
I couldn’t eat the pizza; she was staring at me.

3. Using a semicolon with a transitional expression.

A transitional expression shows the relationship between two ideas. A semicolon with a transitional expression often makes a smoother connection than a semicolon alone.

Examples of transitional expressions...
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