MT12117 November 13, 2012
* A grammatical unit of one or more words thatexpresses an independent statement, question, request, command, exclamation, etc. * A group of words which expresses a complete and definite thought
Kinds of Sentences
* Declarative - A declarative sentence makes a statement. A declarative sentence ends with a period. Example: I am a student of Far Eastern University.
* Interrogative - An interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark. Example: Have you seen my book?
* Exclamatory - An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark. Example: Help! My friend is hurt.
* Imperative - An imperative sentence gives a command. Sometimes the subject of an imperative sentence (you) is understood. Example: Pass the butter.
2. Phrases and Clauses
a) Phrase – is a collection of words that may have nouns or verbals, but it does not have a subject doing a verb. * Noun Phrase - A noun phrase consists of a noun and other related words (usually modifiers and determiners) which modify the noun. It functions like a noun in a sentence. Examples : a nice blue sweater
glass full of water
* Prepositional Phrase - A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, object of preposition(noun or pronoun) and may also consist of other modifiers. A prepositional phrase functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence. Examples: on the roof
in a soft voice
* Adjective Phrase –An adjective phrase is a group of words that functions like an adjective in a sentence. It consists of adjectives, modifier and any word that modifies a noun or pronoun. Examples: with a pretty face
Filled with flowers
* Adverb Phrase - An adverb phrase is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence. It consists of adverbs or...