Define the term Sensitive periods and explain how the teacher’s knowledge and
understanding of these periods determines he’s/her preparation and custodianship
of the prepared environment.
According to Montessori that it is very easy for a child to acquire certain abilities such as
language, discrimination of sensory stimuli, and mental modeling of the environment at
certain periods this is what Dr. Montessori called Sensitive periods. (Montessori, 1966).
In my easy I’m going to explain the main sensitive periods and why they are important
for the child’s first stages of development and how the teacher can facilitate these periods
for the child to reach his/her optimum development.
The age range of these sensitive periods is in the first period of growth from birth to six
years of age (Montessori, 2007). During these sensitive periods a child has an incredible
power of absorption; Montessori also called this time the period of Absorbent mind
(Montessori, 1972). Montessori is referring a special ability to help the developmental
process of the child’s called “ The Absorbent Mind” (MCI, Unknown).
The period of absorbent mind goes from 0-6 years of child age and they have 2 phase of
absorbent mind. Unconscious absorbent mind, and conscious absorbent mind.
Unconcious mind goes to 0-3 years and conscious obsorbent mind goes to 3-6 years of
age (Montessori, 2007). Now I’m going to explain about 3 stages or planes of
development in a child’s life.
Montessori refers 3 stages or planes of development in child’s life. During the
unconscious phase from zero to three years, the child learns new skills unconsciously
Montessori also referred this time period to the infant as the spiritual embryo
(Montessori, 2007) a child learns essential skills like walking and language. S/he asks
a lot of questions because s/he wants to know about their environment (MCI, Unknown)
From 3-6 years of age a child has a conscious absorbent mind, and the child learns new
skills through deliberate effort. In this period the child build up himself by utilizing the
impressions that s/he unconsciously and unwilling stored during zero to three years.
These 3 to six years is also the period of motor sensorial age (Montessori, 2007). In the
second period of absorbent mind which goes to 6-12 years, now this is time when the
child will start formal schooling, and s/he is strong in metal and physical health in this
period. It is thought that during the 6-12 years of a child’s age is the best time to learn
about culture (Montessori, 2007).
During the period of absorbent mind the child goes through 6 different sensitive periods
1. The sensitivity to order (Montessori, 1966)
2. A sensitivity to refinement of the senses (Polk, 1972)
3. A sensitivity to language (Polk, 1972)
4. A sensitivity for movement and walking (Polk, 1972
5. A sensitivity for small objects (Polk, 1972)
6. A sensitivity to the social life (Polk, 1972)
Now I’m discussing about sensitivity to order.
Order is the essential part of a child’s development (Montessori. 1966). The sensitive
period for order operates most activity between roughly the age of one and two years
(Polk, 1972). According to Montessori (Polk, 1972) we can observed that the children
need order because order gives them joy in the environment, second they can have a
tantrum, if some thing is out of order, 3rd they have to put things back in there place.
Montessori point out one wonderful example of order that one time Montessori was in
Naples, there was a child of about one and a half years old with her/his mother, and the
child becomes agitated because his/her sense of order was to see that his/her mother did
not ware her coat but she hung it on her arm, this thing disturbed he’s/her...