COORDINATION OF MOVEMENT (WALKING)
Sensitive Period – Coordination of Movement (Walking)
1. What is a Sensitive Period?
Sensitive periods are a term coined by the Dutch geneticist Hugo de Vries and adopted by Italian educator Maria Montessori to refer to important periods of childhood development. Montessori believed that every human being goes through a series of quantum leaps in learning during the pre-school years. Drawing on the work of de Vries, she attributed these behaviors to the development of specific areas of the human brain, which she called nebulae. She felt this was especially true during the first few years of life, from birth (or before) to the time of essentially complete development of the brain, about age 6. Montessori observed overlapping periods during which the child is particularly sensitive to certain types of stimuli or interactions which she called Sensitive periods. According to Maria Montessori, there are particular times or block of time when the child is attracted to certain activities in order for specific development to occur. In other pedagogies it can get called developmental milestones or windows of opportunities. Sensitive period is:-
* A special sensitivity that arouses a strong spontaneous desire to learn and master some skill or concept. * A period of transitory and varying duration.
* A time especially devoted to the acquisition of a particular trait. * Once that trait is acquired, the sensitivity disappears. It is those periods in the child’s life when certain ability manifests itself strongly. During these periods the child has an especially strong sensitivity towards a particular piece of knowledge or skill. The sensitivity to learn/acquire particular skill/knowledge lasts for a certain period and does not reoccur. “A child learns to adjust himself and make acquisitions in his sensitive periods. These are like a beam that lights interiorly or a battery that furnishes energy. It is this sensibility which enables a child to come into contact with the external world in a particularly intense manner. At such a time everything is easy, all is life and enthusiasm. Every effort marks an increase in power.” Maria Montessori Adults have no direct influence on these periods. They cannot encourage children to begin nor can they command them to stop. All adults can do is to prepare an environment that encourages and nurtures spontaneous development. According to Maria Montessori “The child has a creative aptitude, a potential energy that will enable it to build up a mental world from the world about it. He makes numerous acquisitions during the sensitive periods, which put him in relation to the other world in an exceptionally intense manner.” The Secret of Childhood During this period of time the child concentrates mainly on one aspect of his environment and excludes everything else. This is when we see a child repeatedly does an activity with passion and conviction per se, and it seems like nothing can deter them to accomplishing that task until it is satisfied. It is a time of intense concentration and mental activity on developing a particular skill at that particular time, age / phase in growth. It is driven unconsciously by an inner force. This force is called “Horme” as...
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