God has created man with five important senses to help him relate with his environment. These senses help man to relate the information that he is getting outside the body to the brain which is the chief controller of the activities of the body. According to Microsoft Encarta, Sense Organs, in humans and other animals, are faculties by which outside information is received for evaluation and response. This is accomplished by the effect of a particular stimulus on a specialized organ, which then transmits impulses to the brain via a nerve or nerves. Aristotle classified five senses: hearing, sight, smell, taste, and touch .
The writers of this paper are going to focus their attention on one of these five sense organs classified by Aristotle, which is the SENSE OF TASTE. The researchers of this paper will briefly look at this topic from three different dimensions. This involves biological, philosophical and biblical view of the sense of taste.
THE BIOLOGICAL OR SCIENCETIFIC VIEW OF THE SENSE OF TASTE
What does it mean?
According to Science, the sense of Taste is one of the five special senses in humans and other animals, by which four gustatory qualities (sweetness, sourness, saltiness, and bitterness) of a substance are distinguished. Taste is determined by receptors, called taste buds, the number and shape of which may vary greatly between one person and another. In general, women have more taste buds than men. A greater number of taste buds appear to endow a greater sensitivity in the mouth. Your mouth contains around 10,000 taste buds, most of which are located on and around the tiny bumps on your tongue. Every taste bud detects five primary tastes: •
Umami - salts of certain acids (for example monosodium glutamate or MSG) Each of your taste buds contains 50-100 specialized receptor cells. Sticking out of every single one of these receptor cells is a tiny taste hair that checks out the food chemicals in your saliva. When these taste hairs are stimulated, they send nerve impulses to your brain. Each taste hair responds best to one of the five basic tastes. Why do we need the sense of taste in our body?
The simple reason why we need the sense of taste is because it protects our body. -
Your sense of taste protects you from unsafe foods. If you ate poisonous or rotten foods, you would probably spit them out immediately, because they usually taste revolting. That way, you stop them from entering your stomach. -
Your sense of taste also helps you maintain a consistent chemical balance in your body. Liking sugar and salt for example, satisfies your body's need for carbohydrates and minerals. Similarly, eating sour foods such as oranges and lemons supplies your body with essential vitamins . What then happens to a person who has lost his sense of taste? The answer is not far from the point discussed above. The person’s body definitely is open to dangers or any type of problem or diseases through what he takes in. He is not safe at all in his body system.
PHILOSOPHICAL VIEW OF SENSE OF TASTE
The idea of taste both in ordinary and in philosophical uses has more than one sense. On the one hand, taste suggests a preference for better things, as in “his taste in music is impeccable,” and on the other hand, taste can suggest an ability to discriminate between various items, to distinguish them one from another, as in “his taste in wine is infallible, he always identifies the vineyard and the year.” These uses of the word “taste” must somehow be related to the word's use in reference to the sense of taste, housed in the taste buds. Whether it is taste in the restricted sense, having to do with the sensation of things in one's mouth, or in the broader sense, where one speaks of taste in works of art, for instance, the two components in the idea of taste may well be connected. It seems plausible to suppose that the connoisseur, someone of considerable taste, has a...
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