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Film genres represent classification of movies into groups that have similar and familiar themes, settings, filmic techniques, period, plot, motifs and stars. Genre is easy to recognize but it is very difficult to define. Because of a changing nature of genres and subgenres, their fusion and our changing perception toward art, independent or foreign films that are becoming its own genre in western viewers eyes. Film genre creates some expectations for its audience. Most films within a certain genre fulfill the audience's expectations and follow a specific formula or generic convention. Generic conventions identify genre through character types, settings, props, or event that are repeated from film to film. Generic conventions also include iconography and images. Timothy Corrigan points out in his book "The Film Experience", that genre has three functions: to provide models for producing other work, to direct audiences expectations and to create categories for judging or evaluating a work. p293, Timothy Corrigan,"Film Experience", 2004, Bedford/St Martins, Boston-New York Tom Ryall sees genres as a "triangle composed of artist, film and audience. Genres may be defined as patterns, forms styles, structures which transcend individual films, and which supervise both their construction by the film maker and their reading by an audience". p12, Steve Neale, "Genre and Holywood". For an audience, genre often provides a way of choosing a film they want to see. Genres change over the history, and by mixing different genres, film makers create new hybrid or subgenres with their own specific subject matter, style, formulas, and iconography. Such as spaghetti western, disaster film, sports film, biographical films etc. Genre mixing has been common practice throughout the history of filmmaking. Some films are formulaic and follow the predictable path of the genre. Other films have elements of the genre, but also introduce new ideas.

Main genres are:...
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