Seminar Paper on Prismatic –Sala Model vs. Bureaucratic Model

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ASSIGNMENT
ON
Prismatic –Sala Model Vs. Bureaucratic Model

Prepared by:Kh. Mahmudul Hasan2nd Year, 1st SemesterRegistration No: 2010237072Department of Public Administration326/C, Shah Poran HallMob. No: 01912167683, 01612167683Email: mahmudul016@gmail.comShahjalal University of Science & TechnologySylhet – 3114.|

Introduction
Riggs made a great effort in searching for an objective and effective model for analyzing public administration in developing regions. With his background in sociological theory, Riggs created the “fused-prismatic-diffracted model.” This model covers a wide range of research. For instance, economic life, social structures, political symbols, and the allocation of power are all part of the analysis of structural function. From the perspectives of heterogeneity, overlapping, formalism, and social transformation, the model observes peculiar characteristics in prismatic society.

Prismatic Sala Model
F. W. Riggs developed this model combining prismatic and Sala. He is the most prominent model builder in the comparative administrative movement. He developed this model for developing countries. In 1956 Riggs had suggested two kinds of society-

Industria|

Agrarian|

Agraria: It is mainly based on agriculture. It is an old movement based society.
Industria: it is modernized society. It is industry based society.

Agraria is the traditional and industria is the modern society. But it is also criticized because of limitations. To remove the limitation Riggs suggested another three kinds of society as given below:

Prismatic Society|
Diffracted Society|
Fused Society |
Fused society
Fused society is the society where the function and structure is not specific and where there is no differentiated and functional specification. Riggs selected Imperial China and the pre-revolutionary Stamese Thailand as examples of his concept of fused society. These societies had no classification of functions and a single structure carried out number of function. Example of Fused Society: Burundi, Congo

Characteristics of Fused society
* It is agro based
* Absence of modern technology
* Poor communication system
* Exchange of goods
* No division of work
* Economy is based on agriculture system
* Function and structure of the social phenomena are not defined

F. W. Riggs has given a diagram which is given below-

Political science
Public Administration Anthropology |
Economics
Business Administration
Fused Sociology

Diffracted

Diffracted society
It is the society where the function and structure are specific, here differentiation is much presented. These societies are based on universalistic principle with no differentiation in treatment. There is a high degree of specialization and each structure carries out a specialized function. The society would be highly dynamic and diffracted. Example of Diffracted Society, U.K, U.S.A, Japan, China Characteristics of Diffracted society

* It is an industrialized society
* Market oriented economy
* Technology is very developed
* Emphasized on rationalism
* Highly division of work
* Communication system is well
* Structure and function in the society are to be specific goal oriented society. * The extensive specialization of labour
* Interdependence
* The importance of the market, money and the price system

Meaning of Prismatic Model...
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