Self-Monitoring Effects on Self-Esteem

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ABSTRACT
This study examines the relationship between self-monitoring and self-esteem. 150 college students from De La Salle University, Manila participated in this study. By using Self-Monitoring Scale (SMS) and Self-Esteem Rating Scale (SERS), the participants were asked to answer these questionnaires. The ratings from the scales were used to measure participants’ self-monitoring and self-esteem. Based on the results of this study, coherent with the previous studies on the topic, it could be inferred that self-monitoring of a person whether high or low of has a significant effect on self- esteem may it be high or low. Findings show that with r = -0.92, there is a strong relationship between self-monitoring and self-esteem of individuals. In addition to that, two variables have negative correlation; self-monitoring and self-esteem are inversely related.

Review of Related Literature
Many studies regarding self-monitoring have been done in order to show the effects of which in other factors. In this study we assessed the effect of self-monitoring with self-esteem. The chronic feelings of higher or lower self-esteem influence one’s interpersonal beliefs and social behaviors (Cameron, 2010). It was said that ones self esteem has an effect on the person’s self-esteem, which affects their tasks. According to Cameron (2000), self-esteem acts as a personal guiding system influencing a person’s motivation and behavior. It was according to the study that people who has high self-esteem and low self-esteem affects one performance. People who are high self-monitored tend to have low self-esteem and people who are low self-monitored tend to have a high self esteem. For someone who is high in self-monitoring as usually and more often the ones who possess low self-esteem. They tend do and use power to act because of their very low self-esteem and confidence. High self-monitors react more in social contexts than those who are low self-monitors (Berscheid, Graziano, Monson, & Dermer, 1976; Jones & Baumeister, 1976). In addition to that those who are high self monitored tend to depend on others because of the reward received from them and those who are low self monitored are more contented about one self and dont need other people to prove it more. In the article by Weieter in 1997 different information were given regarding self-monitoring. High and low self monitors have certain trait that is distinct to each of them . High self monitors are really conscious about expressions, self presentation, physical attributes. On the other hand people who are low self monitored are more likely to look internally. Low monitors are more concerned with the inner perspective, they feel that they are personally contented and need not to be that socially inclined, and they focus on the relevant aspects of personality. This are the inward and outward orietation that were discussed to identify specific differences between high self monitored and low self monitored people. In the case of self esteem specific traits also were in order to know if a person has a high self esteem or low self esteem. In the definition given by Anthony et. al (2007) self-esteem is a barometer of one’s past, present, and future perceived relational value. People with high self esteem are more socially inclined compared to those of with low self esteem. For low self esteem they are the ones who possess more contentment that they hardly rely on their social condition.

Statement of the Problem
This study aims to know the effects of self-monitoring to self-esteem. Specifically it aims to answer the following questions. 1. Will individuals’ self-monitoring behavior affects ones’ self-esteem? 2. To what degree is the effect of self-monitoring behavior to self-esteem?

Hypothesis
Self-monitoring has a significant effect on the self-esteem of the individuals. Thus, high self-monitors are most likely to have low self-esteem while low self-monitors are most likely to have...
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