Self Efficacy in Sport- Misty Hyman Example

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This essay will describe the impact of self-efficacy on 200m butterfly swimmer Misty Hyman. It will show how Bandura’s theory explains Misty’s performance in the Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000. This theory will be described in details and linked with Misty Hyman performance. Misty Hyman is an American swimmer who won the gold medal in 200m butterfly in the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. Misty wasn’t expected to succeed because she had to beat Susie O’Neal –world record holder and Olympic medallist. Moreover, Susie hasn’t been beaten in 6 years and the competition took place in her homeland – Australia, where the whole audience gathered to watch Susie winning the gold medal. Misty and her coach set a goal to beat the Australian swimmer and they were consequently working on improving Misty’s time and building her self-efficacy. Bandura created the term self-efficacy and explained it as an athlete’s belief that he or she has the necessary skill to produce a desired outcome. Self-efficacy is said to be a situation specific, which means an individual can be confident in one area, but not in another, even if they are related. (Bandura, 1977) Bandura also claimed that self-efficacy determines an athlete’s choice of activities, the effort that a person makes to succeed at a task and level of his or her persistence in the activity after failure. He further added that the greater self-efficacy is, the more successful the athlete will be. (Taylor, 2005) Bandura proposed five major antecedents of self-efficacy – factors that influence self-efficacy. These are: performance accomplishments, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, physiological states and emotional arousal (Bandura, 1977). This essay will describe each antecedent and compare it to Misty Hyman’s performance, attitude, thoughts, emotions and behaviour during the Olympics 2000. Performance accomplishments provide the most reliable foundations for self-efficacy judgments because they are based on athlete’s successes or...
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