Self Concept

Topics: Psychology, Identity, Social Pages: 4 (1125 words) Published: October 23, 2011
The Self-Paper

The Self Paper
Social psychology explains how the actual, imagined, or implied presence of human beings affect and influence the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals (Fiske,2010). Humans are social beings who develop an understanding of themselves as a result of our relationship with others. A person’s self-esteem is affected by a person’s emotion and behaviors. A persons self-concept and esteem are determined by the behaviors that other people around them are displaying (Butler& Gasson, 2005).

Defining Concept of The Self

The four aspects that make the concept of self are: the body self, inner self, interpersonal self, and societal self. The body self is the physical aspect of a person. The body self is an idea that William James also calls the material self (Fiske, 2010). The inner self has to do with individual, private, intrapersonal, self-reflective identity. People’s own inner thoughts and feelings best represent their experiences of themselves. The interpersonal, social, or relational self depends on connections between people .The societal self represents social identities defined at the level of the collective or the culture (Gawronski, B. 2004). One’s ethnicity, gender, age, and religion all contribute to identity. Identity is not defined by face-to-face interaction, the way roles are, but by one’s concept of oneself as a member of society. Development of a Self-Concept

The self-concept is primarily developed through our interactions and communication with others. There are many methods for forming self-concept. One method focuses on how we imagine other people see us, the reflected appraisal process(Fiske,2010).In another method through a social comparison we consider how we compare to other people in our peer group. Another method is the expectation confirmation, which results in people ignoring unexpected attributes and look for evidence that confirms our preexisting beliefs about others (Gawronski, B....
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