|SSC 113e | | | |The Social Self | | | |(January 2013 Semester) | | | |TMA 01 | | | |Name: Angela Koh Sok Huang | | | |ID: S7143946A |
John Turner and colleagues (Oakes, Haslam & Turner, 1994; Turner et.al.1987)
pioneered the self- categorization theory which encompassed the conceptualization
of individuality and the salience of group membership for their critical roles in the
formation and acquisition of social identities. They suggested that the core
component of the theory is the focus on intragroup processes and it is not limited in
scope related to social structure and intergroup relationships. It was created to
address the individual – group dilemma and cognitive aspects of social identity
The emphasized was on a collection of people who will act as a group in relation to
their feelings so that they have a sense of belonging to the same social category.
According to Turner and colleagues, group formation is seen as “an adaptive
social psychological process that makes social cohesion, cooperation and influence
possible” (Turner et al.,1987, p.40). Self-categorization theory comprised of namely
the individual and collective levels.
Based on the journal article , there was greater acceptance of homosexuality in
the Netherlands at the collective level especially through positive display of societal
In comparison, at the individual level, even though upon self-categorize, self
acceptance of homosexuality is deem as relatively low and it was apparent amongst
the younger homosexual group. Besides combating with the sexual label in the eyes
of the public, they have the desire to be perceived as ‘normal’ and strived for
constant reassurance of their ‘lost identity’.
As for the case study, it revolved around the Hong Kong's gay community who
fought for their rights for implementation of anti-discrimination laws to protect sexual
minorities at their workplace and to be given equal opportunities. From the angle of
collective level, the gay rights group were unified and their group membership was
made salient through formation of a coalition to push for new laws. There was a
consensus at the individual level that their voices need to be heard and that they
should have equal rights as the heterosexuals. In a nutshell, there was comparison
of the homosexuality mentioned in both pieces as highlighted by similarities in the
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