Segregation has had an exceptional impact on the citizens of the United States throughout history. Segregation imposes separation of persons and groups, keeping African-Americans and whites separate began with the end of slavery during the Civl war and essentially ended during the 1960s, Segregation had even affected genders and the Indian culture. The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in the cases of Brown V. Board of Education, Equal Protection and Plessy V. Ferguson have provided a resolution to the issue of segregation in the United States.
Segregating people by race and gender has taken two forms de jure segregation and de facto segregation. De jure segregation is separation enforced by law, while de facto segregation occurs when widespread individual preferences, sometimes backed up with private pressure, lead to separation (Tushnet 92). African American’s were classic examples of de jure segregation being that slavery was a law in the South of America. Once the system of subordination of slavery was abolished, racial segregation was a more significant social practice, from the universal desire of whites to live apart from African Americans by for example making laws of black people being in segregated schools away from whites (Tushnet 11 ). This was a start of segregation. By de jure segregation, law had enforced Indian tribes to live on reservations, being treated as semi-sovereign. Along with segregation of African American’s, there had even been segregation between genders by de facto segregation.It was often influenced by labor unions and early feminists, by adopting a protective labor law barring women from particular occupations regarded as inappropriate for women. Also in the case, Goesaert v. Cleary (1948) the court upheld a law barring women from working as bartenders, except when their husbands owned the bars. These laws were placing a system of gender hierarchy by the court defending the case as being in the best interests of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document