Sefton's Health Profile

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Student Number…21706204………………. Intake…April 2011……………… Personal Teacher…… Amelia Bell……..
Name…Diane Wright…………………………………… Module Code…PUP 2171…

First Submission …Yes……Re-Submission…No……

I certify that this assessment is the result of my own work and quotations and sources of information have been duly acknowledged in the text. In relation to confidentiality, the names of person(s) and placements (hospitals etc.), have been changed. This work has not been submitted for any previous award.

Total counted wordage …..………

Student’s Signature …Diane Wright…
Date...21th…December…2012…

To maintain confidentiality and to ensure good practice, confidentiality will be maintained at all times. 'I certify that confidentiality has been maintained by the use of pseudonyms' (Edge Hill University, 2010).

With regards to this assignment the aims are to analyse patterns of health within the adult population regarding health disease and exclusion, whilst also having the ability to assess the health needs and the impacts they have on individuals and their communities. The assignment targets to analyse and investigate public health perspectives, ideologies, with the use of current legislation and policies. Public health aims to help people avoid becoming ill with strategies to help stay healthy, this is defined by the Department of Health (2012) which states a variety of policy areas of concern, these include immunisations, alcohol, drug users, sexual health, pregnancy, smoking, alcohol and a child’s health (DOH, 2012). The health issue chosen for this assignment will be smoking in pregnancy and the implications smoking can have with regards to health issues and the problems faced globally, nationally and within a chosen demographical area. In order to clarify what is meant by the term ‘health’ an understanding must be achieved and although according to the World Health Organisation (1986) health being ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. Although this is a highly thought of definition according to Macaulay & Herbert (2011) the (WHO, 1986) definition of health is no longer appropriate and should be changed towards ‘the ability to adapt and self-manage in the face of social, physical, and emotional challenges’ (Macaulay & Herbert, 2011). This effectively could make sense as the department of health are continually promoting, encouraging and helping to self-manage smokers who want to give up in forms of support groups and services supporting these decisions (DOH, 2012). However, the (WHO, 1986) see the proposed definition of health as unrealistic as social determinants may prevent the ability of people and their communities to alter their circumstances.

Within health care it is hard to determine what a health need consists of as it has many definitions and meanings which vary over time and proves difficult to define due to natural complications World Health Organisation (2012). Health needs include social care, health care, personal, housing, funding, learning, transport, leisure and employment and these are all part of a health need. Health needs change and vary for the individual, some health needs being more complex than others (WHO, 2012). Also highlighted within National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2005) health needs can be opinions and expectations, the need felt and communicated and the health need varying depending on the circumstance, person and situation.

As stated by the World Health Organisation (2005) a health needs assessment is an organised system, in which systematically addresses issues that the population face, it’s a guide to establish the main concerns in order to prioritize and implement strategies to improve and reduce inequalities. Assessment is the first part of the nursing process, it allows and delivers the evidence to establish and identify past, present and future problems, alongside...
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