SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY
Primary Sector Secondary Sector Interdependency Tertiary Sector Growth of Different Sectors Employment Generation Other Classifications
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SECTORS Primary Sector When the economic activity depends mainly on exploitation of natural resources then that activity comes under the primary sector. Agriculture and agriculture related activities are the primary sectors of economy. Secondary Sector When the main activity involves manufacturing then it is the secondary sector. All industrial production where physical goods are produced come under the secondary sector. Tertiary Sector When the activity involves providing intangible goods like services then this is part of the tertiary sector. Financial services, management consultancy, telephony and IT are good examples of service sector. Evolution of an Economy from Primary Sector Based to Tertiary Sector Based During early civilization all economic activity was in primary sector. When the food production became surplus people’s need for other products increased. This led to the development of secondary sector. The growth of secondary sector spread its influence during industrial revolution in nineteenth century. After growth of economic activity a support system was the need to facilitate the industrial activity. Certain sectors like transport and finance play an important role in supporting the industrial activity. Moreover, more shops were needed to provide goods in people’s neighbourhood. Ultimately, other services like tuition, administrative support developed. Interdependency of Sectors: To understand this interdependency, let us take an example of a cold drink. A cold drink contains water, sugar and artificial flavour. Suppose if there is no sugarcane production then procuring sugar will become difficult and costly for the cold drink manufacturer. Now to transport sugarcane... [continues]
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