World War II: The Most Devastating War in History
(A Term Paper in Social Studies 2)
Aldrich Jesse Fuertes
Joseph Benjamin Gohel
Trevor Ivan Lim
Mrs. Aia U. Adato
Saint Louis University – Laboratory High School, Baguio City
This is a 59 page, 66 resource paper discussing the History of World War II. This research discusses about the Start of World War II, “Mini-Wars” of World War II, World War II in Different Countries, Peace Treaties made during World War II, Ending of World War II, Effects of World War II in terms of Casualties and Economy, Introduction of the United Nations to the World and the Concept of World War III. Even though some of us are unaware of what happened during World War II, we are still able to appreciate the efforts of different countries to end this “Most Devastating War” that happened in the world. Indeed, we eventually come to realize that man is free but yet not free from being involved in small fights that may lead to war.
SECOND WORLD WAR: THE MOST DEVASTATING WAR IN HISTORY
World War II (WWII), also known as the Second World War, (1939-1945), was the deadliest war in history. Over one hundred million soldiers fought in the war, and sixty million people died, including approximately forty million civilians. A total war, World War II blurred the distinction between military and civilian. It was also a true world war, with battles on nearly every continent and on all the oceans. The world's economic, industrial, and scientific output became focused on the war effort. The financial cost of the war was about $1 trillion worldwide, making it the most expensive war in capital as well as in lives. The war split the world into two opposing alliances: the Allied Powers, led by Great Britain, France, the United States, the Soviet Union, and China; and the Axis Powers, led by Germany, Italy, and Japan. After six bloody years the Allies claimed victory, and in the aftermath the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as the two superpowers. This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 45 years. World War II is most often remembered as a time of goose-stepping Nazis; totalitarian dictators Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Joseph Stalin; and for its images of starving concentration camp victims, gas chambers, bombed-out cities, and the detonation of the atomic bomb. Six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust, significant because it showed that genocide was possible in modern industrialized societies. World War II stands as an example of the horrors that war, racism, and technology can inflict on civilization. WORLD WAR II BACKGROUND
Following the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815), the victors established the Concert of Europe, a system in which no single European country could dominate over the all others. In the later part of the 19th century, this balance of power began to break down. Germany unified under Prussian leadership, and rapidly gained in population, economic, and industrial capability. Emperor Napoleon III of France started the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) to stem the German tide, but it resulted in a disastrous defeat, with France losing the territory of Alsace-Lorraine. World War I (1914-1918) arose from disruptions in the balance of power and an alliance system that allowed a relatively small dispute in the Balkans to involve all the major countries of Europe. The late intervention of the United States resulted in an Allied win, but the deaths of millions of Europeans affected all countries and resulted in a rise in pacifism. At the end of World War I, Germany was in ruins. The economy collapsed, the Kaiser abdicated, and the Weimar Republic was formed. The army, though, was retreating in good order and had not been completely driven from France. After the...