Second Language Acquisition

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

1. Background of the Study

There are three popular theory perspectives toward second language learning, behaviorism, nativism and interactionism. The theory of behaviorist has received some research interest due to the relation between behavior and second language learning Traditional behaviorists believed that language learning is the result of imitation, practice, feedback on success, and habit formation..

The methodological and conceptual differences in the way the studies were performance will determine the consistent result of the research. There are many variables which can be categorized as the factors as the cause of second language learning phenomenon.Some people learn languages more quickly than others. There are already so many or even countless studies toward these issues. Some students may progress rapidly while others struggle along making very slow progress in the same foreign language class. One of the factors that has a strong influence toward language learning is behavior of each person. Thus the observation toward the relation between behavior and second language learning need to be elaborated till the result will give both educators and learner to find a proper way in learning language effectively.

2. Theoretical Framework

There are some basic theories advanced to describe how language is acquired and taught. The behaviorist theory, Mentalist theory, Rationalist theory (otherwise calIed Cognitive theory), Empiricist theory (Audiolingualism), and Cognitive-code theory are some of these theories. Of these, behaviorist theory and mentalist theory are mainly applicable to the acquisition of native languages while the rest can account for foreign language acquisition. Yet, the se five fundamental theories of language leaming cannot be totalIy divorced from each other, for "the objectives of second language learning are not necessarily entirely determined by native language competence inevitably serves as a foil against which to set second language learning." (H.H. Stem, .1983; 30).

3. Problems of the Study
Related to the background of the study, the problems to be solved are formulated as following : 1. How is the influence of behaviorism toward second language acquisition learning process?

2. What is the effective ways of behaviorism toward second language acquisition learning process?

4. Purpose of the Study
Related to the problem of the study above, the objectives of the study are: 1. To find out the influence of behaviorism toward second language acquisition learning process.

2. To find out the effective ways of behaviorism toward second language acquisition learning process.

5. Method of The Study

In this research the writer used qualitative approach. Qualitative approach means that the data will be collected in the form of words or sentences and not in numerical scores. Here the writer uses document analysis which is research method applied to written or visual materials for the purpose of identifying specific characteristic of human personality.

The writer analyzed the influence of individual personality differences toward second language learning process in English student department 2012. Therefore, later the writers describe the result of the analysis which tried to find out the influence of individual personality differences toward second language learning process. CHAPTER II

DATE DESCRIPTION AND DATA ANALYSIS

1.

1. Description of Learner

The data was taken from interview to English student department 2012 as the respondents. And the observation and interview process were by giving question about their habit when they learn English.

2. Description Data Tools/Instruments Used

In here the researcher used observation, interviewing, internet browsing and document analysis as the instrument for analyzing...
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