Sec 28 Sec29 Sec 30 of Factories Act , a Case Study

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Section 27:- Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers:- No woman or child shall be employed in any part of a factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton-opener is at work: Provided that if the feed-end of a cotton-opener is in a room separated from the delivery end by a partition extending to the roof or to such height as the Inspector may in any particular case specify in writing, women and children may be employed on the side of the partition where the feed-end is situated. INTERPRETATION OF SECTION 27, THE FACTORIES ACT(1948):-

Section 27 of The Factories Act explains that women or child must not be employed for pressing cotton when the cotton opener is at work. This section is included in this Act so as provide adequate safety measure to women and children from the cotton openers which are hazardous in nature. But at the same time women and children can be employed in the feed end of the cotton opener provided the feed end of the cotton opener is separated from the delivery end by means of a partition which extends to the roof or to any height as specified by the inspector in writing.

Section 28:- Hoists and lifts
(1) In every factory :-
(a) every hoist shall be :-
i. of good mechanical construction sound material and adequate strength; ii. properly maintained, and shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of six months, and a register shall be kept containing the prescribed particulars of every such examination; (b) every hoistway and liftway shall be sufficiently protected by an enclosure fitted with gates, and the hoist or lift and every such enclosure shall be so constructed as to prevent any person or thing from being trapped between any part of the hoist or lift and any fixed structure or moving part; (c) the maximum safe working load shall be plainly marked on every hoist or lift, and no load greater than such load shall be carried thereon; (d) the cage of every hoist or lift used for carrying persons shall be fitted with a gate on each side from which access is afforded to a landing; (e) every gate referred to in clause (b) and clause (d) shall be fitted with inter-locking or other efficient device to secure that the gate cannot be opened except when the cage is at the landing and that the cage cannot be moved unless the gate is closed.

(2) The following additional requirements shall apply to hoists and lifts used for carrying persons and installed or reconstructed in a factory after the commence- ment of this Act, namely:- a. where the cage is supported by rope or chain, there shall be at least two ropes or chains separately connected with the cage and balance weight, and each rope or chain with its attachments shall be capable of carrying the whole weight of the cage together with its maximum load; b. efficient devices shall be provided and maintained capable of supporting the cage together with its maximum load in the event of breakage of the ropes, chains and attachments; c. an efficient automatic device shall be provided and maintained to prevent the cage from over-running. (3) The Chief Inspector may permit the continued use of a hoist or lift installed in a factory before the commencement of this Act which does not fully comply with the provisions of sub-section (1) upon such conditions for ensuring safety as he may think fit to impose. (4) The [State] Government may, if in respect of any class or description of hoist or lift, it is of opinion that it would be unreasonable to enforce any require- ments of sub-sections (1) and (2), by order direct that such requirement shall not apply to such class or description of hoist or lift.

Section 28 of The Factories Act explains that hoists and lifts that are used to carry load or persons should be of sound material and must...
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