I. Homer and Robert Fagles. The Iliad. New York, N.Y.: Penguin, 1990. Print. A. The title relates to the story literally, because the word “Iliad” means “poem about ilium”, and ilium is an alternate name for Troy which is where the Iliad took place. II. POV
A. The story is told in 3rd person omniscient because he has access to every character’s mind and he frequently gives insight into the thoughts and feelings of even minor characters, gods and mortals alike. The narrator also asks for the help of the muse of epic poetry to help him tell the story. B. The narrator is unreliable because we don’t even know if he actually existed. III. Setting
A. The Iliad takes place around the twelfth or thirteenth century B.C and it begins nine years after the start of the Trojan War. The Iliad takes place at Troy and kingdoms of Greece. IV. Characters
A. The protagonist is Achilles. Achilles is a dynamic and round character. Achilles is the son of Peleus and Thetis, grandson of Aeacus, commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies. B. The antagonists are fate/destiny, Hector, and the intervention of the gods. Achilles’ fate was to die, if he fought the Trojans. Hector killed Patroclus (Achilles’ best friend) which brought Achilles into the war, and he cursed Achilles before dying. The intervention of the gods pretty caused the war and all of its chaos. C. Aphrodite- goddess of love, daughter of Zeus and Dione, mother of Aeneas. Sides with Trojans. D. Apollo- god, son of Zeus and Leto, twin of Artemis, a patron of the arts, especially music and poetry. Also an archer-”lord of the silver bow”-and a prophet with a famous oracular shrine at Delphi, in central Greece. The principal divine champion of the Trojans. E. Ares- god of war, son of Zeus and Hera, one the Trojan's chief protectors. F. Artemis- goddess of the hunt, daughter of Zeus and Leto, sister of Apollo. G. Athena- or Pallas Athena, goddess, also called Tritogenia or Third-born of the Gods, daughter of...