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  • Topic: Rhetoric, Logic, Inductive reasoning
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AP English Language
Midterm Exam Review

Draw and label 5 parts of the rhetorical triangle.
Define: ethos, logos, pathos
Read and study: Student Writing Assignments on p. 248 (Analyzing Style in Paired Passages) and p. 493 (Rhetorical Analysis: Comparing Strategies)

Terms for Rhetorical Analysis
1. For each of the following, copy the brief definition from the glossary in your textbook. 2. For terms marked with an asterisk, find (and copy) an example from any of the essays we have read/studied this year. Allusion*

Analogy*
Anaphora*
Antithesis*
Asyndeton
Concession*
Connotation
Counterargument
Cumulative sentence*
Deductive Reasoning
Denotation
Diction
Inductive Reasoning
Pacing
Parallelism*
Periodic sentence*
Polysyndeton
Rhetorical Questions
Satire
Figurative Language/imagery (poetic language)
imagery (sensory description) – visual, auditory, tactile, kinesthetic, olfactory (smell), taste
poetic devices (also used in prose)
metaphor*metonomy
simile*synechdoche
hyperbolealliteration
onomatopoeiaassonance
personificationconsonance
oxymoron

Grammar Review:
basic sentence types: declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory basic sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, compound-complex sentences
Grammar as Rhetoric and Style (Especially Rhetorical and Stylistic Strategy sections)
p. 167Appositives
p. 252Short Simple Sentences and Fragments*
p. 339Parallel Structures*
p. 420Pronouns
p. 498Precise, Direct and Active Verbs
p. 592Concise Diction
p. 698Coordination in the Compound Sentence*
p. 790Modifiers
p. 893Cumulative, Periodic, and Inverted Sentences *
p. 999Subordination in the Complex Sentence *

Define: Methods of Development (read chapter introductions in yellow book, Bedford 9th edition)

Narration
Description
Exemplification
Comparison and contrast
Process analysis
Division or Analysis
Classification
Cause and Effect...
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