Screening Test for Potential Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Military Officers and Non-Military Personnel

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Background: Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent micronutrient deficiency in the world population. It occurs in developing countries at greater rates. A military officer represents a unique population exposed to intense metabolic and cognitive demands, particularly during basic combat training or when operationally on duty.

Methods: Fifty-six blood samples were collected from the military officers immediately after training and fifty-six blood samples were collected from non-military personnel in a certain military camp. The initial screening test for the blood samples was complete blood count. Blood samples that showed low red blood cell count, low hemoglobin and low hematocrit were subjected to the next screening test which was the peripheral blood smear. The result which showed microcytic hypochromic will be further be tested to serum ferritin as its confirmatory test.

Results: There were 7 military officers revealed having low red blood cell count, low hemoglobin, and low hematocrit. Among the 7 suspected only 1 showed a microcytic hypochromic peripheral blood smear. It was subjected to serum ferritin which showed a normal result.

Conclusion: Results obtained yield a zero percentage of potential iron deficiency anemia among military officers and non-military personnel military camp in Quezon City. Therefore, the basic combat training of the military officers may only post a low risk of iron deficiency anemia.


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