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Scotch yoke
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Comparison of displacement and acceleration for a Scotch Yoke compared with a crank and slider The Scotch yoke is a mechanism for converting the linear motion of a slider into rotational motion or vice-versa. The piston or other reciprocating part is directly coupled to a sliding yoke with a slot that engages a pin on the rotating part. The shape of the motion of the piston is a pure sine wave over time given a constant rotational speed. Contents * 1 Applications * 2 Internal combustion engine uses * 3 Modifications * 4 References * 5 External links| Applications

Piston water pump, with a scotch yoke connection to its flywheel This setup is most commonly used in control valve actuators in high pressure oil and gas pipelines. Although not a common metalworking machine nowadays, crude shapers can use a Scotch yoke. Almost all those use a Whitworth linkage, which gives a slow speed forward cutting stroke and a faster return. It has been used in various internal combustion engines, such as the Bourke engine, SyTech engine,[1] and many hot air engines and steam engines. Internal combustion engine uses

Under ideal engineering conditions, force is applied directly in the line of travel of the assembly. The sinusoidal motion, cosinusoidal velocity, and sinusoidal acceleration (assuming constant angular velocity) results in smoother operation. The higher percentage of time spent at top dead center (dwell) improves theoretical engine efficiency of constant volume combustion cycles.[2] It allows the elimination of joints typically served by a wrist pin, and near elimination of piston skirts and cylinder scuffing, as side loading of piston due to sine of connecting rod angle is mitigated. The longer the distance between the piston and the yoke, the less wear that occurs, but greater the inertia, making such increases in the piston rod length realistically only suitable for...
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