Scopes Trial and Its Heritage

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* Elsa-Brändström-Schule Hannover Jahrgang 11 *
* 1.Semester
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* FACHARBEIT
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* im Leistungskurs Englisch
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* The Scopes Trail and its heritage –
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* the influence of fundamental Christian ideology
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* on public life in the US
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* Verfasser: Moritz Dittmar
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* Kursleiter: Frau Trapp
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* Bearbeitungszeit: 5 Wochen
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* Abgabetermin: 09.11.2012

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* Elsa-Brändström-Schule Hannover Jahrgang 11 *
* 1. Semester
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1. One Nation under God
2. Scopes Trial
3.1 Creationism / Intelligent Design
3.2 Evolution / Scientists
3.3 Initial Situation and Background
3.4 The Verdict
3. Influence on public life
4.5 Education
4.6 Tea Party
4. Indivisible with liberty and justice for all
5. Literaturverzeichnis
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1. One Nation under God

„I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.“

This pledge commonly marks the beginning of the school day of every American student. The phrase “under god” shows the influence of the Christian church on public life in the United States. A religious pledge is imposed upon the American students by the state. This is the classical materialization of the conflicting priorities of state and church. The first time this conflict broke fresh ground in public however did not concern the pledge but rather the traditional clash of the theories of evolution and creationism. It was a conflict between those who endorse the creation myth, propped by the church and those who support the biological evolution supported by science and studies. This conflict reached the public life through the courtrooms of the famous Scopes Trial about 90 years ago. Although the Scopes trial took place in the 1920’s the conflict has not lost any momentum and is as current as ever. Especially the two-party-system in the USA and the establishment of the tea party movement have contributed to the gaining gap between the conflicting perspectives, which has conceivably the potential to destroy the idea of the United States as a melting pot of all philosophies and religions.

2. Scopes Trial
The Scopes Trial marked the first outbreak of the creation-evolution controversy in public. It was the first noticeable division between two parties who support the evolution theory or the creation story. It is also fission between the traditional south and the contemporary north. The conflict between north and south reflected on to the churches where a collision was unstoppable among theological liberals and a rising movement of fundamentalist protestants.

2.1. Creationism / Intelligent Design
Before Darwin came up with his evolution theory there was just the belief in creation story. No one scrutinized the truth of the bible and even if people did not believe it they never said anything because they were too scared to be tortured. The discussion started when Historians made appraisals how old the earth could be. Some geologists started theories, which advertised that the earth has to be older than it is said in the bible. It started a big discussion, which is still going on, hundred years later.

2.2. Evolution / Scientists
The evolution movement was a result of Darwin’s publication of On the Origins of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. It was a: ,,Radical revision in the status and content of Christianity.” Darwin was the first who said that creatures are not a:...
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