Scope of Hydro Energy in Pakistan

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  • Topic: Gilgit, Indus River, Skardu
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  • Published : August 8, 2012
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HYDRO POWER POTENTIAL AND INVESTMENT PROSPECTS IN GILGIT-BALTISTAN

PRESENTATION SEQUENCE
Map

of Gilgit-Baltistan Potential Indicators for Hydro Development in GB & Demand of Electricity in Gilgit-Baltistan

Salient Supply Hydro

Power Potential Arrangement

Institutional Present Salient

Power Policies

Reforms Underway already available for Private Investors

Incentives

Challenges

Salient Potential Indicators for Hydro Development in Gilgit-Baltistan  Gilgit Baltistan is the water bank for Pakistan due to large area of glaciers and snow deposits in its mountains.  Catchment Area is 72496 Sq Km, which include about 27 % glaciers, the biggest in the world outside polar region.  Main Tributaries of Indus River are 06 (Olding River, Shyoke River, Shigar River, Gilgit River, Hunza River & Astore River).  Drop of Indus River up to Diamar /Basha Dam site is 1.37 Km.  Average annual run off near Basha is 50 MAF.  Hydro power potential on Main Tributaries & Indus River is 40,000 MW.  Hydro power potential on sub tributaries is 1,200 MW.

SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF ELECTRICITY IN GILGIT-BALTISTAN
 

Present Generation

: : :

90 MW (92 Power Stations) 75% Conservative – 200 MW Optimistic - 410 MW

Population Connected with suppressed load Present Demand Future Demand Forecast:2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 : : : : :



     

428 MW 446 MW 465 MW 485 MW 506 MW

  

2016 2017 2030

: : :

528 MW 551 MW 863 MW



Under Construction Power Projects : 29 (40 MW) Projects Under Active Planning :Name Capacity 20 MW



S. #
1

Status
Feasibility Study completed

Hanzal Gilgit River

2

Shagharthang, Skardu (Financed by ADB)

26 MW

Procurement stage

S. #
3

Name
Thak Chilas (Financed by ADB)

Capacity
4 MW

Status
Procurement stage

4 5

Naltar V, Gilgit (PSDP) Naltar III, Gilgit (PSDP)

14 MW 16 MW

Procurement stage Procurement stage

6

Basho, Skardu

28 MW

Detail Engineering Design under process by WAPDA

7

Harpo, Skardu

42 MW

Detail Engineering Design under process by WAPDA

S. #

Name

Capacity

Status
Feasibility study completed Feasibility study completed Feasibility study completed

10

Ghowari, Shyoke Ghanche

20 MW

11

Hassanabad, Hunza

5 MW

12

Dermadar, Ghizer

2 MW

13

Hushey, Ghanche

4 MW

PC-II under process

14

Regional Grid in Gilgit-Baltistan

132 KV

Feasibility Study completed



Average Construction Cost Per MW in GB Average Production Cost Per Unit (KWh) : 3 – 4 US cents : 2.0 Million US $



HYDRO POWER POTENTIAL IDENTIFIED
1) 122 sites on sub tributaries in GB identified by WAPDA and GTZ (Germany) 2) 6 sites identified by WAPDA on River Indus: a. Yugo b. Skardu c. Tungus d. Yulbo e. Bunji f. Diamer-Basha TOTAL 520 MW 1600 MW 2200 MW 2800 MW 7100 MW 4500 MW 18,720 MW 772 MW

3) 36 projects identified by W & P department GB on tributaries and sub tributaries of River Indus Total 204 MW 19,696 MW

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
 Water & Power Department GB is responsible for Planning, Execution and Operation of power projects in GB.  WAPDA is responsible for mega projects on River Indus besides small hydros under specific directions of GOP.  NEPRA’s jurisdiction not yet extended to GB in the absence of National Grid. W & P department is responsible for devising tariff with the approval of GB government.  GB Electricity Development Company being raised shortly.

PRESENT POWER POLICIES


GOP Policy for power generation projects 2002: All types of power projects exceeding 50 MW capacity under public sector, private sector (IPPs) and public private partnership are covered. BOOT and BOO are applicable. GOP Renewable Energy Policy 2006: Solar, Wind and Small Hydro Power projects up to 50 MW capacity are covered. The policy also provides private investment incentives. GB Hydel and Renewable Energy Policy 2007: This...
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