DBQ #3: Analyze how political, religious, and social factors affect the work of scientists in the sixteenth and seventeenth century
The scientific revolution was a time for development and growth in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It was a time for discovery and knowledge. Since this was a new concept, it wasn’t widely accepted amongst everyone, as we often see when something new emerges. Factors that affected the work of scientists in the sixteenth and seventeenth century were political factors because political authorities offered guidance which was necessary for continuation. Social factors influenced progression and acceptance of these new theories as well as created a community to allow for greater contribution. Finally, religious factors offered a source of acceptance from higher powers as well as allowed for development on both ends. Politics was a structure put in place in order to be able to govern advice and implement solutions to problems in society. The growth of the scientific revolution presented new theories to society which needed to be viewed to prevent further problems and their practices needed to be guided and assisted. The view of many higher positioned people participating and supporting the revolution recognize that they cannot do it solely on their own means and need governing and guidance from people who attain the skill necessary. Francois Bacon, an English Philosopher of science implemented a plan in 1620 (document 4), to reorganize the sciences which helped the progression of these sciences because it was recognized that it was no fault of the scientists that it was not making significant progress, it was the fault of path it was taking. Walter Charleton, an English doctor and natural philosopher further supported this idea of the scientist required assistance in bringing their ideas forth and making progress. He compared wisdom and power to atoms in how they cannot “self-govern” or “fix themselves” because sometimes it is...
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