Scientific Revolution and How It Effects Modern Science

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The "Scientific Revolution" refers to historical changes in thought & belief, to changes in social & institutional organization, that unfolded in Europe between roughly 1550-1700; beginning with Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543), who asserted a heliocentric (sun-centered) cosmos, it ended with Isaac Newton (1642-1727), who proposed universal laws and a Mechanical Universe. (“Scientific Revolution”) The scientific revolution helped lay the foundation to modern science by what started with science and mathematics and branch out to other areas such as biology, psychology. There were four main aspects of the scientific revolution which were the development of the experimental method, realization that nature obeys mathematical rules, use of scientific knowledge to achieve practical aims, and the development of scientific institutions. Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543) suggested that the sun was at the center of the universe and that the earth and planets revolved around it in circular orbits. (AP European History) Before this many thought that the earth was not moving. Many did not agree with his idea because that meant that he was going against the Bible. It also eliminated distinctions between the earth and the heavens. (“AP European History”) To go against religion would mean death or to be outcaste from the rest of the village. The Copernican theory was largely ignored until the findings of Galileo and Kepler were published. His epochal book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), is often regarded as the starting point of modern astronomy and the defining epiphany that began the Scientific Revolution. (Wikipedia) Kepler was the first astronomer to use physics and mathematics to prove Copernican theory. Keplers three new laws predicting the movements of the planets which where based on mathematics. While Galileo use a telescope to help make observations to prove Copernican theory. The scientific revolution has also been...
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