Teaching Guide
I. Topic: Scientific Notation
II. Objectives:
To be able to fully understand the lesson, the student must learn: a. the definition of scientific notation
b. the purpose of scientific notation
c. how to make a number in scientific notation and vice versa III. Motivation: Recalling the names of numbers by its number of zeroes IV. Lesson Proper:
* A number is in scientific notation when it is written as N x 10n, where 1<N<10 and n is an integer. * Scientific notation is used when a number is too large or too small to be remembered in full or it has no name. * Scientific notation is normally used in science, particularly astronomy and chemistry. * To express a number in scientific notation, you must move the decimal point as many places to the right or left depending if the number is less than or more than zero, until only one digit remains at the left of the decimal point. Then drop all the zeroes to the right of the decimal point (except if it is between two non-zero digits) and multiply it to 10 to the power of n, the number of places the decimal point moved, negative when going to the right, and positive when going to the left. * To add or subtract numbers in scientific notation, you first need to factor the powers of ten. Use the smaller exponent because it’s easier. Divide that power of ten by the other powers of ten (by the law on exponents) and multiply the whole quantity (which involves the addends) by that power of ten. Then convert the scientific notations into real numbers, add or subtract as usual, and change back into scientific notation if necessary. * Another way of adding and subtracting is to change the scientific notations into real numbers, add or subtract as usual, and change it back. * To multiply and divide numbers in scientific notation, just multiply or divide the coefficients, multiply the powers of ten (by the law of exponents), combine and change back into scientific...

...Component Diagram Notations
The component diagram's main purpose is to show the structural relationships between the components of a system. In addition, component diagrams are useful communication tools for various groups. In creating a component diagram, there are different notations that can be used to show the different relationship of each component within the system. The component diagram notation set now makes it one of the easiest UML diagrams to draw:
* COMPONENT
A component can be shown as a rectangle with a keyword <<component>>, component name, and the visual stereotype or component icon.
* INTERFACE
A component defines its behaviour in terms of provided and required interfaces. An interface is the definition of a collection of one one or moore. It provides only the operations but not the implementation. Normally, an interface may be shown using a rectangle symbol with a reyword <<interface>>. An interface ca be used as a provided interface(a) or required interface(b):
A provided interface characterize services that the component offers to its environment. And it is modeled using a ball, labelled with the name, attached by a solid line to the component.. It is also known as a lollipop interface. While a required interface characterize services that the component expects from its environment. It is modeled modeled using a socket, labelled with the name, attached by a solid...

...MODERN PUBLIC SCHOOL
SHALIMAR BAGH, DELHI-110088
HOLIDAYS’ HOMEWORK, 2013
Dear Parent(s),
Summer Vacations are at our doorsteps. Holidays are a well deserved opportunity to relax and rewind by indulging in activities that are pleasurable and at the same time educative.
It is also a time to explore the exciting city of Delhi, visit places of interest and gather information about the magnificent monuments. Holidays’ Homework has been designed to fire the imagination of students while exciting them to explore, discover and reinvent. It is desirable that students work independently and seek assistance as and when required.
A few suggestions to be kept in mind.
Spend quality time with your children. Take them to see places of interest in Delhi. Remember to make notes and click photographs of the places you visit. Help your children to become independent by giving them responsibilities. Involve them in small household activities. Inculcate in them good manners, healthy habits and respect for elders. Help to imbibe the feelings of empathy, affection and tolerance in your children. Give them a chance to look after you and their younger brothers and sisters. Converse with your children in English. ‘Reading maketh a full man ’. Encourage your child to read well. Ensure that the choice of books he/she reads is purposeful while being entertaining. Let your child take classes in performing arts. Help your children improve their handwriting by making them write...

...ULI101 – Quiz 2-1
Student name: ______________________________________
ULI101 Section: _______________
This quiz is worth 2.5% of your course grade.
Maximum time allowed is 20 minutes.
See the sample test file
Instructions:
Provide grep commands according to the following criteria, working with a file called
'input'. With the exception of question #12, all questions are worth 2 marks.
1. Display all lines that are exactly 5 characters long:
grep “^.....$” input more elegant way to find a line of ‘n’ characters is grep –E “^.{n}$” input or
grep “^.\{n\}$” input (Must ‘escape’ { and } with \) or use egrep instead of grep –E
2. Display all lines that have at least one letter 'o' in them, upper- or lower-case:
grep –i “o” input or grep “[oO]” input
3. Display all lines with string 'or' followed by an 'ate' anywhere after that:
grep “or.*ate” input
4. Show all lines that do not start with a lower-case letter:
grep “^[^a-z]” input grep –v “^[a-z]” will show blank lines as well
5. Display all lines that do not have two letters 'r' following each other:
grep –v “rr” input
6. Count all blank lines:
grep –c “^$” input
7. Show all lines that end with a comma followed by a single digit:
grep “,[0-9]$” input
8. Show all lines that contain an asterisk (*):
grep “\*” input
9. Display lines that contain a phone number (for example: 647-555-1234):
grep –E “[0-9]{3}-[0-9]{3}-[0-9]{4}” input (if you use grep...

...international competition of choral singing of the Concorso Polifnico which was created by Guido d'Arezzo.
2. What cultural artifacts were handed down through generations in our family?
-Dad’s answer: We do not have any cultural artifacts that have been handed down.
-Research: Although we do not have an actual artifact that has been passed down, our family can be musical. Guido d’Arezzo, one of our great ancestors, was a music theorist of the medieval era. He is regarded as the inventor of modern musical notation when he was thirty-four. He came up with a method for teaching the singers to learn chants in a short time, and quickly became famous throughout north Italy. However, he attracted the hostility of the other monks at the abbey, prompting him to move to Arezzo, a town which had no abbey, but which did have a large group of cathedral singers, who’s training Bishop Tedald invited him to conduct. While at Arezzo, he developed new techniques for teaching, such as staff notation and the use of the "ut–re–mi–fa–so–la" (do–re–mi–fa–so–la). The ut–re–mi-fa-so-la syllables are taken from the initial syllables of each of the first six half-lines of the first stanza of the hymn Ut queant laxis.
3. What was home life like growing up?
-Dad’s answer: Schooling was a lot stricter. While going to a Catholic school, the teachers were allowed to hit the children on the hands with rulers when they were being disobedient. When my dad was a child, the...

...POSTFIX NOTATION
Postfix also known as Reverse Polish Notation (or RPN), is a notational system where the operation/function follows the arguments. For example, "1 2 add" would be postfix notation for adding the numbers 1 and 2.
Most programming languages use either prefix notation ("add(1, 2)" or "(add 1 2)") or infix notation ("1 add 2" or "1 + 2"). Prefix and infix are more familiar to most people, as they are the standard notations used for arithmetic and algebra.
Why then should we use postfix notation when in actual fact it seems difficult to understand?
Postfix is useful, especially for programming, because it clearly shows the order in which operations are performed, and because it disambiguates operator groupings. For example, the following postfix expression: 1 2 + 3 * 6 + 2 3 + /
means "take 1 and 2, add them, take 3 and multiply, take 6 and add, take 2 and 3, add them, and divide". In contrast, the equivalent expression in Infix Notation is:
(((1 + 2) * 3) + 6) / (2 + 3)
This may seem more familiar, but note the need for parentheses to control the order of evaluation. The prefix notation would be: (/ (+ (* (+ 1 2) 3) 6) (+ 2 3)) which can be read "inside-out" to evaluate the expression.
In postfix notation which is also called Reverse Polish Notation (RPN) the operator follows the two operands,...

...The Effect of Alcohol and Caffeine on the Water Flea: Daphnia Magna
Kristoffer Osuntuyi
Daphnia Magna Abstract:
In this experiment I will find the base heart rate of each water flea. The base heart rate is the control in my experiment. The variables in the experiment are alcohol and caffeine. After finding the control of the first flea I will surround it with alcohol. The second flea will go through the same process as the first flea did, except the variable will be caffeine. The purpose of these two experiments is to see how surrounding one water flea with alcohol and another with caffeine affects each water flea’s heart rate. I believe the Daphnia Magnus (two different water fleas) will go through a similar experience and similar side effects of having alcohol and caffeine in their bodies as humans do. In this experiment a drop of 2%, 4%, and 6% of alcohol will be administered to the first Daphnia Magna. The second Daphnia Magna will have a drop of 1%, 1.5%, and 2% of caffeine administered.
Daphnia Magna have a single compound eye, two branched antennae, and they look almost kidney-shaped. They also have a carapace, which is the upper section of the water flea’s external shell. The water flea has leaf-like limbs, in which they produce a current of water and filter food and oxygen to the mouth and its gills. According to some of my research, talking to my father, the Daphnia has a relatively low percentage of body fat; this may affect them the most when...

...effective, easily accessible and ever current education to all ages and social backgrounds, regardless of time and geography.
The advent of computer has brought so many ideas and innovations to every human. This has really helped many businesses to grow and improve up to standard. 2000 years back when the birth of computer came to existence, many scholars has really tried to develop their own computer system, being a calculator or analytical machines. Examples of these scholars include Charles Babbage who is known as the father of computer, Blaise Pascal who developed pascal programming language, Ada Augusta, etc. And Thomas Colmal who was a calculator inventor which is the case study of this project, ie this was based on how a standard and scientific calculators can be developed with the use of the object-oriented programming language, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 by name.
1.1 HISTORY OF COMPUTER
The history of computers starts out about some 2000 years ago, at the birth of the abacus, a wooden rack holding two horizontal wires with beads strung on them. When these beads are moved around, according to programming rules memorized by the users, all regular arithmetic problems can be done. Another important invention around the same time was the Astrolabe, which was being used then for navigation.
Blaise Pascal is usually credited for building the first digital computer in 1642. it added numbers with dials and was made to help his father, a tax collector....

...The Z Notation:
A Reference Manual
Second Edition
J. M. Spivey
Programming Research Group University of Oxford
Based on the work of J. R. Abrial, I. J. Hayes, C. A. R. Hoare, He Jifeng, C. C. Morgan, J. W. Sanders, I. H. Sørensen, J. M. Spivey, B. A. Sufrin
This edition ﬁrst published 1992 by Prentice Hall International (UK) Ltd Published 1998 by J. M. Spivey Oriel College, Oxford, OX1 4EW, England c J. M. Spivey, 1989, 1992 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form. or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission, in writing, from the publisher. For permission in all countries contact the author.
Contents
Preface 1 Tutorial Introduction What is a formal speciﬁcation? 1.1 1.2 The birthday book 1.3 Strengthening the speciﬁcation 1.4 From speciﬁcations to designs Implementing the birthday book 1.5 1.6 A simple checkpointing scheme Background 2.1 Objects and types 2.1.1 Sets and set types 2.1.2 Tuples and Cartesian product types 2.1.3 Bindings and schema types 2.1.4 Relations and functions 2.2 Properties and schemas 2.2.1 Combining properties 2.2.2 Decorations and renaming 2.2.3 Combining schemas 2.3 Variables and scope 2.3.1 Nested scopes 2.3.2 Schemas with global variables 2.4 Generic constructions 2.5 Partially-deﬁned expressions The Z Language 3.1 Syntactic conventions 3.1.1 Words, decorations and...