Science Technology: Its Benefits and Negative Effects

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Let’s find out. Choose the best answer from the choices given. 1. It is about discoveries and inventions, the products and methods that man uses to control or make use of his environment. a. b. c. d. 2. Technology Science Discovery Innovation

Which of the following statements about discovery is true? a. b. c. d. Innovations always follow discoveries. Discoveries always follow inventions. Invention is creating things that do not exist before, while discovery is finding out about things that already exist. Discovery and invention are about improving things that are already in existence.

3.

On what technology is the electric lamp an innovation? a. b. c. d. incandescent bulb oil lamp fluorescent lamp flashlight

4.

Which one among the inventions below did not revolutionize the world? a. b. c. d. computer horse carriage automobile television 1

5.

How did the introduction of the Internet revolutionize the world? a. b. c. It enabled computers to be linked together. It enabled a widespread sharing of information. It enabled people to do many things including shopping and paying with the use of it.

6.

Technology enables workers to ______. a. b. c. d. increase their production reduce the amount of labor have more leisure time all of the above

7.

In the field of health, technology is able to ______. a. b. c. d. cure all illnesses diagnose all illnesses provide cure for many illnesses prevent all illnesses

8.

Technology can change our beliefs and value systems by ______. a. b. c. d. giving us access to various sources of informations giving us the opportunity to be exposed to other people’s culture giving us the chance to hear other’s opinions and beliefs all of the above

9.

Most problems that are related to technology are mainly brought about by ______. a. b. c. d. lack of planning and consideration of the possible negative effects lack of funding to implement the technology lack of knowledge on technology all of the above

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10.

Technology causes some people to lose their job because ______. a. b. c. d. it is able to do the tasks that humans used to do it is able to do the tasks faster and more efficiently it is able to do the task at less cost all of the above

IF ALL YOUR ANSWERS ARE CORRECT, VERY GOOD! IF YOU GOT A LOW SCORE, DON’T FEEL BAD. THIS MEANS THAT THIS MODULE IS FOR YOU. YOU MAY GO TO THE NEXT PAGE TO BEGIN LESSON 1. 3

LESSON

1

Benefits of Technology

Modern technology can improve the properties of materials by making their quality much better than they were before. It also helps to address a certain need. For example, the need to disseminate information led to the invention of paper, printing press, telegraph, telephone, radio, television, and now cellphones. As the population continues to grow, the need to mass-produce products emerged. Technology has greatly helped in this area. Look for people who know how to make vinegar, fruit-jellies, and other food preserves. Ask them how long it takes them to come up with one finished product. Chances are it takes them days or weeks to come up with new production. But do you know that through the use of technology, it is possible to do the process faster? Not only that, it is also possible to produce hundreds of these products at a given time. How is it done? This question will be answered by the following readings in this lesson. 1. TECHNOLOGY HAS LED TO INCREASED PRODUCTION AND REDUCED LABOR.

This is the first benefit of technology. Through technology, people have achieved a great increase in the production of goods and services. In the past, for example, farmers and animals were the main source of produce in farms. Farmers had to work from dawn to dusk, yet one farmer could produce food enough only for a family or two. Then came the tractors and other farm machines powered by diesel fuel or electricity. Today, most of the work in the farm are done by machines. As a result of the...
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