Science Report Environmental issue

Topics: Water, Water resources, Irrigation Pages: 8 (1658 words) Published: April 19, 2014
Abstract
I am the newly appointed minister for natural resource management in Pakistan. Throughout the past couple of decades, my country has been experiencing a serious situation in regard to our limiting freshwater supply. This document is my proposed action plan for solving Pakistan’s water scarcity crisis. After reviewing the country’s current water supply, death rate, and other statistics, I am convince that a plan should be set in action. National data reveals that our current attempts to resolve this issue are insufficient in being effective. To solve this issue, my action plan involves a number of objectives dedicated toward both increasing Pakistan’s supply of freshwater, and decreasing the demand on its usage. Related to the information, the major problem is water pollution, the discharge of effluents and unsafe drinking water .

1.0 Introduction
I am Nora Li who comes from Pakistan. I am assigned to be the minister for Pakistani environment and i would figure out the water scarcity problem in my country. In Pakistan, the water problem has seriously affected people’s daily lives and economy. Population is the biggest factor of water scarcity. Fresh water only covers about 2.5–2.75% in the earth. Water need to be used every day in agriculture and manufacturing. Without water, people will die. Everyday, there are 630 children die of Diarrhea due to the dirty water. By international standards, Pakistan was already a water-scarce country in 1992 at 1700m³available per capita, according to UNFPA/Ministry of Population Welfare. Actually, from1992, the federal government launched a Social Action Plan and they adopted measures to help the country, but there is almost no help. Adversely, this situation has become worse. By 2003, Pakistan’s per capita availability of water declined to the extent that it was categorized as a water-stress country. As a civilization in Pakistan, i care about this problem very much and i propose to increase the freshwater supply and reduce the demand of water in farming and irrigation.

2.0 Methodology
My purpose is to help my country overcome the difficulties in water. I am going to carry out my plan by disseminating in a large scale. First, i researched some websites that about Pakistani water problem . To confirm the situation, i got into some authoritative websites in Pakistan and some websites from NSF. Then, I sum up the results i got and took down the notes. The number of the death everyday in Pakistan and the amount of fresh water in the Earth can be the example of data collecting , which were both collected from the NSF and collected by me as resources. I collected these data because they are helpful to my research and let me well understand the problem. Only after i knew about the situation in my country, i can do something for it.

3.0 Findings
I will show 2 water issues ,which include groundwater and the problem of Indus delta.

As an arid country, Pakistan depends heavily on annual glacier melts and monsoon rains, and there might be abundant rainfall during the wet season and then a very long dry season where crop production depends very heavily on irrigation water. Groundwater is a very important source of irrigation for farmers and which is being over-pumped extensively in order to meet current demands for food production (as shown in figure 1) It disrupts the natural hydrologic cycle, Causes Rivers and wetlands to dry up, the ground to collapse and fish and wildlife and trees to die. The second issue is the Indus delta which has been reduced to one partially active creek and there is no water flowing downstream of the Kotri Barrage for almost the entire year. Pakistan is dependent on a single river system and we cannot afford to take any more chances with the water/sediment/salt balance of the Indus Basin. Figure 1 shows Agricultural Water Requirements and Total Water Requirements

Figure 1
Pakistan is now a water-scarce country at...
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