Science of Homosexuality

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Chylissa Brooks

Professor James

ES 033/133

19 November 2012

Homosexuality vs. Science

The purpose of this research paper is to show there is a science to homosexuality. Homosexuality has seem to been an issue debated in the United stated for a number of years. There are several scientist and students who try to come up with a conclusion on the topic. Sexual orientation has been a difficult thing to negotiate due to science and faith. Many have been lead to believe that homosexuality was a mental disorder that could not be cured. Misunderstanding and the lack of supportive research have left assumptions on the issue. It has been said that a person’s sexual orientation comes from the effects of both the environment and biology. As a result there have been increases in the media due to legal and social exposure on the issue. Thousands of homosexuals suffer harassment and prejudice for their sexual preference. Biology still stands at the middle of the debate with a number of questions left unanswered. With this in mind, one can begin to see how difficult it has been to come to a conclusive answer.

Homosexuality has been questioned around the world and it’s been debated whether or not it is a choice people make. “Sexual orientation, whether heterosexual or homosexual, is a central and natural component of one’s identity” (soulforce.org, November 13 2012). Ones sexual preference can be explained as fixed emotion, or sexual attraction toward the opposite sex. Research has been done around the United States in the medical and mental heath associations. Many have concluded that in their professional opinion sexual orientation is not a choice. Lesbian and gay people are aware of their sexual oriented feelings at very young ages but never disclose them until they reach the age of about thirteen. Like everything in life the biological study of sexual orientation has its flaws. Schoenfeld stated, “biology cannot always be viewed as something that runs against social environment and upbringing, It is all to common to see early experience, social learning, or choice pitted against biology, but these are false dichotomies” (serendip.brynmawr.edu, November 13, 2012). This supports the thesis because it shows that biological and genetic traits are affects in certain characteristics of behavior. It is important to realize that many fight with this issue for most of their lives, but someday they finally have to deal with the reality of the issue.

Sexual orientation choices have become important to the lives of so many people. “Most scientists today agree that sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive, and biological factors. In most people, sexual orientation is shaped at an early age. There is also considerable recent evidence to suggest that biology, including genetic or inborn hormonal factors, play a significant role in a person’s sexuality. In summary it is important to recognize that there are probably many reasons for a person’s sexual orientation and the reasons may be different for different people” (Soulforce.org, November 13, 2012). Science believes that a complex mixture of environmental factors and biology make up sexual orientation but there are religious leaders who believe that it starts in the home, poor parenting and family problems are base for the sexual preference. That hasn’t been proven to be true so these statements have not been used in research. This statement supports the thesis because it shows that sexual orientation is complex and doesn’t rely on a persons up bring. One cannot begin to unwrap the perplexity of reasons for a sexual orientation. It is hard to determine just one factor as to why a person has a certain sexual orientation. According to the article “What Science Says and Doesn’t Say about Homosexuality”, research examining brain anatomy, animal behavior, twins, genetics, fingerprints and hormones suggest that...
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