What is science fiction?
The Encyclopædia Britannica defines it accordingly:
”Science fiction, abbreviation SF or sci-fi, a form of fiction that deals principally with the impact of actual or imagined science upon society or individuals.”
Science fiction is a genre in books, comics, TV shows and movies and it is often about the far future. Science fiction describes a reality that is different than ours, though still imaginable. The difference between sci-fi and fantasy is that sci-fi stories are possible to be real, while fantasy is impossible to become reality.
Mark Wilson on About.com say that ”science fiction takes our current understanding of how the universe works and imagines ideas and technologies that we have not seen yet, but still could fit within that understanding.”
Today we live in a society filled with technology. We have computers, telephones, navigation systems and calculators, just to mention some technical inventions that we today find necessary in our daily life. These technical inventions didn’t of course always exist. The telephone got introduced in the 1870’s and the first computer, called ENIAC, got announced in 1946. The calculator was created in the 1960’s and a project to develop a Global Positioning System (GPS) was started in 1973.
There are many celebrated authors who write about sci-fi, and one of the most famous one is Jules Verne. Verne was a French author who mostly wrote about science fiction, and one of his novels is In the year 2889. Verne wrote this novel in 1889, and in it he tells about the life of a journalist in the year 2889. He talks a lot about the technical inventions that he believes will exist in 2889, and a lot of the devices that he spoke about, not only in this specific novel, were invented many years later.
So does science fiction help us shape and/or predict the future?
Main point of discussion
During the last 200 years, the world has drastically changed. We have for example gotten the internal combustion engine, which led to the automobile, and we have learned to use the oil, which in return led to even more innovations like the airplane.
Themes in science fiction
There are four different themes of science fiction, and they all have subcategories. Past time and the future, superheroes, robots and androids and space are the four main categories.
Past time and the future is about counterfactual history, lost worlds, time travel, end of civilization, utopias and dystopias. Superheroes are most mentioned in comics. Mutants are a subcategory to superheroes. Sci-fi narratives about robots and androids are mostly about robots taking over the world, overtaking the human race. An android is a robot designed to look and act like a human. Narratives about space, is mostly about the moon, life on other planets and space stations.
The story In the year 2889 was written in 1889 by Jules Verne. Jules Verne, 1828-1905, was a French author who wrote novels, poem and plays. He is best known for his adventure and science fiction novels. Most of Verne’s stories are about the far future, and about how it is going to look, and In the year 2889 isn’t an exception. Verne wrote about a lot of technical inventions in this story, and a lot of these have become reality.
On the first page of the novel, Verne mentioned “aerial locomotion” and “pneumatic tubes”. The Wright brothers were first to fly on a motorized airplane in 1903. That was after the novel was written. But before it was written, Leonardo Da Vinci made a sketch of a helicopter back in the 15th century. “Pneumatic tubes” was already a thing when Verne wrote about it. It is a system in which you can send different objects by putting the object in a container, and then putting the container in the pipes. In the pipes, vacuum is used to take the container back and forth. Though Verne did not write about sending small things, he wrote about...
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