Science Cheat Sheet

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Ch. 51- FAP: sequence of behaviors that are usually carried through to completion. Habituation:loss of sensitivity to unimportant stimuli. Associative learning: associating one stimulus with another. Class. Conditioning: association of an irrelevant stimulus with a fixed physiological response. Cognition: animal’s ability to perceive, store, process, and use info. from its sensory receptors. Agonistic behavior: contest to determine which competitor gains access to a resource. Ch. 54- Nitrogen fixation: soil bacteria and symbiotic bacteria in root nodules fix nitrogen in terrestrial ecosystems, and some cyanobacteria do so in aquatic ecosystems. Biological magnification: conc. of such compounds increases in each successive link of food chain. Ch. 1- Cell theory was brought up by Hooke. There are prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Darwin came up with natural selection and The Origin of Species. Ch. 2- H: 1 valence electron, O:2, N:3, C:4. Ch.3- Cohesion: creates more structurally organized liquid and enables water to move against gravity in plants. Adhesion: clinging of one substance to another. Specific heat: a substance is defined as the amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g. of that substance to change its temperature by 1 degree Celsius. Ch. 5- Macromolecules: represent another level in the hierarchy of biological organization. Polymers: chainlike molecules formed from the linking together of many similar or identical small molecules. Hydrolysis: breaking of bonds between monomers through the addition of water molecules. Monosaccharide: the general formula of CH2O. Cellulose: major component of plant cell walls, most abundant organic compound on Earth. Polypeptide: a polymer of amino acids. Denature: losing its native conformation and thus its function. Deoxyribonucleic acid: the genetic material that is inherited from one generation to the next and is reproduced in each cell of an organism. Ch. 6- Catabolic pathways: release the energy stored...
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