Science as Control
Jayne Glover wrote, "Oryx and Crake both engages with the debate about the divide between culture and nature, and questions how the environment around us affects human nature." (51). The book Oryx and Crake, written by Margaret Atwood, is a dystopian fiction novel set in the near future where science is one of the most major factors in society. Atwood paints a picture of a world completely divided by wealth, one half lives in pleeblands(lower class) and the compounds(upper class), along with wealth comes technology and power. The upper class uses the advances they have created to control their life and those of the lower class, many advances came from the use of science. The use of science creates a shroud of control between the two classes and hangs in the balance between the two equally. Glover questions the use of science in the book and in life today as well, thinking of things from the perspective of an ecological philosopher. "…ecology as what Jonathan Bate has called 'a politico-economic value system' rather than ecology as a science,"(Glover 51) based on the use of power and control in the book. She sees science as the sole source of control in the book, which brings upon the question. Is the use of science an agent of control or does the control come from science itself?
Glover made the argument in her work, Human/Nature: Ecological Philosophy in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake, is that science has been employed to control the society in the book. Furthermore she argues that "…extreme power is lodged in the State, or, more recently, in multi-national corporations."(Glover 52). She writes, "In Oryx and Crake control comes from science."(Glover 52) which itself is a blatant statement of her opinion. She also writes, "Science, then, as we can already see in our own daily lives, can be used positively to improve the human lot- in other words, science can have utopian applications."(Glover 52). Glover suggests that science can create...
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