University of Phoenix, Axia College
Science and Technology
Where would we be as a global community without the study and aid of science and technology? How could humankind have survived through the ages without it? Science and technology have been around for almost as long as time itself. Ancient caveman used early science to learn how to make fire. Caveman, who developed spears from sticks tied with carved stones to hunt with, benefited from the creation of science. The word science (2009, ¶ 1) comes from the Latin word: scien tia, which means “knowledge” or “knowing” and technology (2009, ¶ 1) comes from the pairing of two greek words: techne and logia which means “art or craft” and “skill”.
Throughout the centuries, many different fields of science and technology have been developed as ways to better understand the natural world around us. Much of the early studies of science and technology pre dating the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were dismissed and labeled as being forms of magic or the works of supernatural forces that should remain unchecked and unquestioned. Many early scientific experiments of that time were deemed unethical and frowned upon by society. Advancements in the fields of science and technology are ethical and necessary to the beneficial development of humankind. It would seem that in today’s society the methods of science and technology are once again being scrutinized by society. Many of the break throughs and developmental research that is conducted by scientists in the medical field as well as other fields of science are being deemed by society as unethical. Some extremists are claiming that some of the scientific developments are entering the realm of God’s work, and that we as humans should not be tampering with.
We as a world community have benefited from many accomplishments due to the versatility of scientific study. Science has played a huge part in the discovery of medical advancements associated with healthcare. Over just the past decade through scientific study and research, there have been remarkable medical breakthroughs in healthcare such as assisted reproductive techniques, genetic engineering, and the potential of stem cells to aid in not only improving ones quality of life, but to also get one step closer to ridding the world of fatal diseases. Many people criticize that some of the medical breakthroughs that science has discovered are unethical for various reasons.
Human reproduction has always been somewhat of a gamble. Some people could have children while others just were not able to. For the longest time doctors could not explain why, but through scientific study they have been able to come up with ways to increase a woman’s chances of getting pregnant. One assisted reproductive technique is In-vitro fertilization. In-vitro fertilization is a process that is used when a man and women cannot get pregnant by natural means. In-vitro fertilization simply means fertilization “in glass” as in the glass container of a test tube. The process involves fertilization that is artificially performed outside the woman's body ''in a test- tube''. The procedure involves extraction of a number of eggs from the woman .To do this she is given a drug that enables her to ''super ovulate” or to produce more eggs in one cycle than she normally does. The eggs are than surgically removed and fertilized outside the body in the laboratory normally with the sperm of the husband (2007, ¶ 5). Even though this medical breakthrough greatly benefits women who have trouble getting pregnant, it is not without its concerns on whether it is ethical or not. Some of the ethical concerns that have been associated with the use of this technique are that it bypassing the natural order of human reproduction. In turn life itself is being created in a lab environment rather then by the natural course. Another ethical concern...