The most widely used definition of social process states that “social process is
a process involved in the formation of groups of persons”. Furthermore,
referring to civilisation, social process is defined as “the social process
whereby societies achieve an advanced stage of development and organisation”.
(WordNet – Online dictionary definition) (1). This paper looks at how science
has become part of this process and examines how it has achieved so, in
terms of certain distinct perspectives.
How society is changing:
Within science, scientists formulate laws and applications that continually adapt
to sociocultural changes and account for observations. Inventors on the other
hand, create new technology in order to accomplish practical goals. Historical
precedent proclaims that significant social changes have come about during
periods where relations between human formations and technology have been
remodelled. Adopting new technology eventually leads to social balance of
power through economic relationships and therefore social change. Cynthia
Cockburn in particular, is an author distinctly aware of the dependency
between technology and society and in her 1983 article 'Caught in the wheels'
( Donald MacKenzie (Editor), Judy Wajcman (Editor), 1999, p.126 ) she stresses
the growing engagement of feminism and technology. It soon becomes
apparent that science, society and technology, are all closely linked. This is
strikingly evident in today's society, which has without a doubt changed
dramatically and continues to be an ever alternating phenomenon.
Fewer girls than boys take on science subjects at schools. This is due to an
education structure that encourages girls to study arts and humanities and in
turn, this gender stereotyping creates fallacious perceptions that science is an
area suited better for boys. As Rossiter says, “Most... [continues]
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