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9/10/13

Mrunal » [Policy] Science Technology & Innovation (STI) Policy 2013: Salient features, highlights, criticism » Print

[Policy] Science Technology & Innovation (STI) Policy 2013: Salient features, highlights, criticism 1. Timeline 2. SRISHTI 3. Key features of the STI policy 2013 #1: Cash power #2: Manpower #3: Business #4: Climate change #5: PPP #6: IPR #7: Participation #8: Public awareness 4. Criticism #1: private sector =no social good #2: Indian private sector is lazy in research #3: no lesson from past #4: No structural / fundamental reforms #5: Conflicting Goals And Policies

Timeline
1958 India’s first Scientific Policy Resolution. New policy. focused on the need to attain technological competence and self reliance. This new policy wanted to 2003 1. Bring science and technology together 2. Bring higher investment into R&D to address national problems. Yet another science-tech policy. (made by Department of Science and Technology).

1983

2013 2010-

mrunal.org/2013/03/policy-science-technology-innovation-policy-2013-salient-features-highlights-criticism.html/print/

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9/10/13

Mrunal » [Policy] Science Technology & Innovation (STI) Policy 2013: Salient features, highlights, criticism » Print

20

India has declared this as “decade of innovation”

SRISHTI
Goal of new Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STI) policy = SRISHTI. SRISHTI= Science, Research and innovation system for High technology led path for India. (that is not SRISHTI….that is SRISHTLPFI, but these Government officials will forcibly turn any scheme into a catchy phrase to harass the UPSC aspirants.)

STI 2013 policy
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Released in the Indian Science Congress at Kolkata. use STI for faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth focus on both STI for people and people for STI. We will position India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020 We’ll release more research papers. We’ll Encourage private sector to invest in Research and Development (R&D) We’ll Achieve gender parity in S&T. (meaning bring more female scientists) Global cooperation, science diplomacy.

Key features of the STI policy 2013
#1: Cash power
Average globle investment in Sci-tech-innovation = >1 trillion dollar (2009) While India barely spends around 1% of its GDP in research, Development, innovation. Therefore, Policy says, we’ll increase the spending in sci-tech-innovation to 2% in next five years. HOW?= via private sector participation, PPP. To increase the private sector investment in R&D, we’ll create a conductive environment (meaning we’ll increase FDI, we’ll give private cos tax reliefs, we’ll reform the IPR regulations and so on).

#2: Manpower
We’ll promote the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society. We’ll try to attract talented and bright minds towards careers in science, research and innovation. We’ll increase the number of R&D personnel by 66% in next five years. We’ll create environment for women to enter in R&D field. we’ll setup inter university centers= bringing together different disciplines of mrunal.org/2013/03/policy-science-technology-innovation-policy-2013-salient-features-highlights-criticism.html/print/ 2/6

9/10/13

Mrunal » [Policy] Science Technology & Innovation (STI) Policy 2013: Salient features, highlights, criticism » Print

humanities and science together.

#3: Business
We’ll identify 10 sectors of high potential and put more resources into it for S&T. India’s share in high tech products is around 8% globally. We want to double this. We’ll increase R&D intentsity in Service sector, small and medium scale enterprises. The investment in S&T is risky. So, We (Government) will share the risk with private sector, this will increase their confidence. We’ll provide new financing mechanisms for entrepreneurs (=loans at cheaper interest rate) so they can venture in R&D without the fear of failure. We’ll create a public procurement policy that...
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