Human Digestion Worksheet
The Digestive System and its Functions
Review the diagram located on p. 1. In the space provided below, write the name of each organ or part, and explain the function of each one as it relates to digestion and absorption. Explanations must be written as complete sentences. Please make sure that you identify each organ or part below with the corresponding number located in the diagram.
| |DIGESTIVE ANATOMY |FUNCTION | |1 |Mouth |Mouth is the beginning of the digestive system and digestion starts here before you even take the | | | |first bite of a meal. The smell of food triggers the salivary glands in the mouth to secrete | | | |saliva. | |2 |Salivary Gland - Parotid Gland |Saliva is produced in and secreted from salivary glands. T here are three major pairs of salivary | | | |glands: the parotid, the submandibular, and the sublingual glands. The parotid glands, the largest | | | |of the pairs, are located at the side of the face, below and in front of each ear. | |3 |Pharynx |Pharynx (also called throat) is passageway for food and air that is responsible for swallowing and | | | |receiving food from the mouth. | |4 |Esophagus |Esophagus is located in the throat near trachea (windpipe), the esophagus receives food from your | |...