The Schools of Thought
The major schools of thought in psychology are psychodynamic, behavioristic perspective, structuralism, functionalism, and cognitive perspective. All of these major schools have one thing in common and that is learning about the human mind and its functions. They want to know why we do what we do and how. Although all these schools have one common ground, "to learn" they may have different ways of approaching this challenge. Although each perspective maintains its distinction and independence, each has made considerable contributions to the science of psychology (Kowalski and Western, 2009). Each one of these perspectives play very important roles in the field of psychology and yet each have their own different views and approaches. Who is to say which is more valid than the other? Let us begin with the Psychodynamic perspective, to which we owe this development to Sigmund Freud. Freud’s thoughts were controversial yet ahead of their time. His theories focused on sex, the unconscious mind, acts of aggression and various childhood experiences. He also believed the mind had a composition of three core elements: the id, the ego and superego. Each of these elements worked with one another in one way or another. For example you have the ID; this area which is composed of unconscious energy deals with trying to satisfy simple needs, wants and desires. The ego is the element that prevents acting on feelings created by the id and also tries to maintain a level balance with idealistic and morality meters created by our super ego. Our superego is the part of us that we have learned from our parents and that surrounding us, its job is to try to portray the morality of the ego and try to keep the urges of the ID under suppression. Psychology... is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods. JB Watson;...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document