Schools as Organisations:A/01/3326 LEVEL 3
1. Education and Early Years and the post 16 options.
1.1: The Early Years Foundation stage 2008 (EYFS), gives entitlement to all children from the age 3-4, a placement for 12 ½ hours per week free of charge for 38 weeks of the year. The idea behind this, was to support the young child and get them ready for full time education by the time they are 5 and so giving them the advantage of outside stimulation in the form of a nursery placement that should teach through play. The government supports local councils to 2 years pre-school education for every child. This covers reception class as well as nursery school placements. The early years teaches children by working with them on concepts of focusing on building their independence through confidence. This develops their autonomy. 1.2: Children in Britain usually have nursery or play school place before starting compulsory education from their 5th year. They spend the next 5/6 years in Primary education which is broken into infant school and junior school. Infants are for the first 3 years then the next 3 years are junior school. The infant school will teach the children basic reading, writing, maths and general knowledge. The next 3 years expands on their knowledge and teaches them about the environment, how to look after personal hygiene (PHSE), geography, history, encompasses current things, for instance the Jubilee and Olympics last year. They tend to be the same school. They usually get some homework. From approximately 11, they attend a secondary school until they are 16+. Senior school takes the children up to a standard where they should be ready for lessons with different teachers in different classes. They move around the school for different lessons and have a degree of independence. Children are usually independent at getting to and from school by this age. They will receive much more homework and be expected to learn a second language. They are working towards GCSE, usually sat at 16. Their last year can be in a 6th form college, in a different establishment or in the same school. They can then go to college or stay at school to do ‘AS’ or ‘A’ level. This may be the end of their education or they may choose to go to university. 1.3: From16+ every child and young person is entitled to support, enabling them to develop skills, giving them opportunity to gain as much as possible in the ‘Curriculum of Excellence’. The transition from compulsory education to further learning, training or employment within the senior phase, should receive an offer of post ‘16 education’. This can be staying in school, 6th form college, university or training Programme learning in a community, learning or development or third sector setting,
including with an Activity agreement; volunteering and employment. Children from16 years of age, may be staying on to re-sit exams or studying at a higher level. Schools have to follow what local education authority puts in place having policies in line with the national curriculum. Other agencies such as social, children’, youth and national health services will be involved with schools to share their knowledge for the benefit of the youngsters. All children in England between the ages of 5 and 16 have an entitlement to a free place at a state school.
2. SCHOOLS AS ORGANISATIONS.
2.1: All schools have ‘School Governors’, which can be made up of 10-20 people, who run the school. They work closely with the head teacher and senior management team. Their job is to set objectives and aims for the school. They also introduce new policies and targets. Senior management is a group of people with management skills including the head teacher, ‘year group leaders’, Special Educational needs (SENCO), foundation stage leader and subject leaders in senior school. Special Educational Needs Co-ordinators (SENCO) are often members of the management team who co-ordinate the Individual Educational Plans...