1.1 Summarise entitlement and provisions for early years education
As part of the every child matters agenda and the childcare act 2006, all children aged 3 and 4 are entitled to 15 hours free education for 38 weeks of the year in England. The government funds the local authority to ensure every child has the chance to receive up to two years of free education before reaching school age. The Early year’s provisions are about supporting very young children in schools and nurseries. Key stage 1 curriculum is based on the EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage) which is learning through play rather than a more formal education. The EYFS was introduced in England, September 2008. It sets out one standard framework for learning, development and care for all children from birth to the end of reception. Teachers are to take learning outside where possible and the child should be able to choose whether to learn inside or outside. 80% of learning should be through play, and around 20% of learning through adult taught sessions. Allowing the children to self- select activities from within and outside the classroom encourages them to develop their autonomy.
1.2 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
There are four main types of mainstream schools which are all funded by the local authority and are known as maintained schools. There are also other types of schools which are not funded by the local education authority. Types of schools:
Foundation and trust schools
Community schools are ran and owned by the local authority, they support the schools to develop links with the local community and by providing support services. eg, allowing the school to be used for adult education or childcare classes on evenings. The local authority will also usually determine the admissions policy.
Foundation and trust schools:
Foundation schools are run by their own governing body, the schools land and buildings are owned by a governing body or a charitable foundation. The governing body will determine the admissions policy in consultation with the local authority. A trust school which is a type of foundation school will form a charitable trust from an outside partner, such as a business. The schools have to buy in any support services. To become a trust school the decision is made by the governing body in consultation with the parents.
There are two types of voluntary schools, Voluntary-aided and voluntary-controlled. Voluntary-aided schools are mainly religious schools e.g. a catholic school, but anyone can apply for a place. They are partly funded by the governing body, a charity and the local education authority which provides support services. They are run by their own governing body, but the land and buildings are usually owned by a religious organisation or a charity. Voluntary-controlled are similar to voluntary aided but they are ran and owned by the local authority which provide the staff and support services. The land and buildings are often owned by a charity usually a religious organisation.
These are schools that can apply for a specialist status to develop one or two special subjects e.g. a sports/science college. They are usually secondary schools. They will receive additional government funding for doing this.
Independent schools of funded by fees paid by parents and income from investments, gifts and charitable endowments. They must have a charitable status to claim tax exemption. The admissions policy is determined by the head teacher and governors. They have to register with the DFE so they can be monitored on a regular basis, this is usually by the ISI (independent schools inspectorate) rather than...